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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 363145, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/363145
Research Article

Interaction Map and Selection of microRNA Targets in Parkinson's Disease-Related Genes

1Functional Genomics and Gene Silencing Group, Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad 500007, AP, India
2Centre for Chemical Biology, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Tarnaka, Hyderabad 500007, AP, India

Received 31 March 2009; Revised 31 July 2009; Accepted 11 August 2009

Academic Editor: Zhumur Ghosh

Copyright © 2009 Shinde Santosh P. et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex multigenic neurodisorder frequently occurring in elderly persons. To investigate noncoding tiny microRNA mediated gene regulation, miRanda (version 1.0b) was used to predict human miRNA target sites on selected 29 genes related to PD. To verify output generated from miRanda, a similar analysis was performed only for microRNA target sites in UTR using TargetScan (version 5.1). Data extracted by miRanda elucidates the mode of microRNA action based on the location of target sites in the Parkinson genes. Sites prone to action of multiple miRNAs were identified as “hot spots.” Important properties of each miRNA including multiplicity and cooperativity appear to contribute towards a complex interplay between miRNAs and their targets. Two sets of predicted results were explored for the occurrence of target sites of 112 miRNAs expressed in midbrain. Overall, convergence of results predicted by two algorithms revealed that 48 target sites for midbrain-specific miRNA occur in close proximity in 9 genes. This study will pave a way for selection of potential miRNA candidates for Parkinson's disease-related genes for quick therapeutic applications and diagnosis.