BioMed Research International / 2010 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

The Role of Lipopeptidophosphoglycan in the Immune Response to Entamoeba histolytica

Figure 1

(a) Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli is the most potent activator of TLR4 [54]. (b) Alpha-galactosyl ceramide from the marine sponge Agelas mauritanius is presented via CD1d and activates NKT cells [55]. (c) Partial structure of lipopeptidophosphoglycan (LPPG) from Entamoeba histolytica of the HM1 : IMSS strain, which was originally isolated from a patient with liver abscess [56, 57]. The structure of the active phosphoinositol moiety of LPPG was characterized in [58].

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