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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2010, Article ID 405872, 11 pages
Research Article

Enhancement of Human Prolactin Synthesis by Sodium Butyrate Addition to Serum-Free CHO Cell Culture

Biotechnology Department, IPEN-CNEN, Cidade Universitária, Avenida Professor Lineu Prestes 2242, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 28 October 2009; Revised 9 February 2010; Accepted 1 April 2010

Academic Editor: Yujun George Zheng

Copyright © 2010 Herbert Rodrigues Goulart et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Sodium butyrate (NaBu) has been used as a productivity enhancer for the synthesis of recombinant proteins in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Thus, the influence of NaBu on the production of recombinant human prolactin (hPRL) from CHO cells was investigated for the first time. CHO cell cultures were submitted to a treatment with different concentrations of NaBu (0.25 to 4 mM). Quantitative and qualitative analyses by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and Western blot or SDS-PAGE, carried out directly on CHO-conditioned medium, showed that the highest hPRL expression was obtained with 1 mM NaBu. In vitro biological assays based on noble rat lymphoma (Nb2) and mouse pro-B lymphoma (Ba/F3-LLP) cells were carried out on purified hPRL. Its bioactivity in the presence of NaBu was not apparently different from that of the First International Reference Reagent of recombinant hPRL (WHO 97/714). Our results show that NaBu increased the synthesis of recombinant hPRL in CHO cells, apparently without compromising either its structure or function.