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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2010, Article ID 419586, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/419586
Research Article

Comparative Study on Two Commercial Strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Optimum Ethanol Production on Industrial Scale

1Department of Botany, University of Gujrat, Jhang, Punjab 38040, Pakistan
2Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Received 8 June 2009; Revised 23 December 2009; Accepted 21 January 2010

Academic Editor: Effie Tsakalidou

Copyright © 2010 K. Mukhtar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Two commercial strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saf-Instant (Baker's yeast) and Ethanol red (Mutant) were compared for ethanol production during hot summer season, using molasses diluted up to 6- 7 Brix containing 4%-5% sugars. The yeasts were then propagated in fermentation vessels to study the effects of yeast cell count and varying concentrations of Urea, DAP, inoculum size and Lactrol (Antibiotic). Continuous circulation of mash was maintained for 24 hours and after this fermenter was allowed to stay for a period of 16 hours to give time for maximum conversion of sugars into ethanol. Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain (Saf-instant) with cell concentration of 400 millions/mL at molasses sugar level of 13%–15% (pH 4 . 6 ± 0 . 2 , Temp. 3 2 C ± 1 ), inoculum size of 25% (v/v), urea concentration, 150 ppm, DAP, 53.4 ppm and Lactrol,150 ppm supported maximum ethanol production (8.8%) with Y P / S = 2 5 0  L ethanol per tone molasses (96.5% yield), and had significantly lower concentrations of byproducts. By selecting higher ethanol yielding yeast strain and optimizing the fermentation parameters both yield and economics of the fermentation process can be improved.