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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2010, Article ID 932527, 36 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/932527
Review Article

Proteomics of Plant Pathogenic Fungi

1Agricultural and Plant Biochemistry and Proteomics Research Group, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
2CSIC, Institute of Sustainable Agriculture, 14080 Córdoba, Spain

Received 14 August 2009; Revised 3 February 2010; Accepted 1 March 2010

Academic Editor: Benjamin A. Garcia

Copyright © 2010 Raquel González-Fernández et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Plant pathogenic fungi cause important yield losses in crops. In order to develop efficient and environmental friendly crop protection strategies, molecular studies of the fungal biological cycle, virulence factors, and interaction with its host are necessary. For that reason, several approaches have been performed using both classical genetic, cell biology, and biochemistry and the modern, holistic, and high-throughput, omic techniques. This work briefly overviews the tools available for studying Plant Pathogenic Fungi and is amply focused on MS-based Proteomics analysis, based on original papers published up to December 2009. At a methodological level, different steps in a proteomic workflow experiment are discussed. Separate sections are devoted to fungal descriptive (intracellular, subcellular, extracellular) and differential expression proteomics and interactomics. From the work published we can conclude that Proteomics, in combination with other techniques, constitutes a powerful tool for providing important information about pathogenicity and virulence factors, thus opening up new possibilities for crop disease diagnosis and crop protection.