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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 238474, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/238474
Research Article

A Simple and Fast Method for the Production and Characterization of Methylic and Ethylic Biodiesels from Tucum Oil via an Alkaline Route

1Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
2Departamento de Quıímica Analítica, Instituto de Química, UNESP, 14800-900 Araraquara, SP, Brazil
3Laboratório de energias Renováveis e Meio ambiente do Pontal (LERMAP), UFU, 38302-000 Ituiutaba, MG, Brazil

Received 31 August 2010; Revised 6 February 2011; Accepted 9 March 2011

Academic Editor: Stanley Brul

Copyright © 2011 Marcelo Firmino de Oliveira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A simple, fast, and complete route for the production of methylic and ethylic biodiesel from tucum oil is described. Aliquots of the oil obtained directly from pressed tucum (pulp and almonds) were treated with potassium methoxide or ethoxide at 40°C for 40 min. The biodiesel form was removed from the reactor and washed with 0.1 M HCl aqueous solution. A simple distillation at 100°C was carried out in order to remove water and alcohol species from the biodiesel. The oxidative stability index was obtained for the tucum oil as well as the methylic and ethylic biodiesel at 6.13, 2.90, and 2.80 h, for storage times higher than 8 days. Quality control of the original oil and of the methylic and ethylic biodiesels, such as the amount of glycerin produced during the transesterification process, was accomplished by the TLC, GC-MS, and FT-IR techniques. The results obtained in this study indicate a potential biofuel production by simple treatment of tucum, an important Amazonian fruit.