BioMed Research International / 2011 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Combined Effect of Electrical Stimulation and High-Load Isometric Contraction on Protein Degradation Pathways in Muscle Atrophy Induced by Hindlimb Unloading

Table 1

Body weight (g), wet weight (mg) of the tibialis anterior muscle, and ratio of wet weight to body weight (mg/g).

ContHUESES + IM

Body weight, g308 ± 3246 ± 5*238 ± 3*238 ± 3*
Muscle wet weight, mg539 ± 6418 ± 4*429 ± 12*478 ± 12*†‡
Muscle wet weight to body ratio, mg/g1.74 ± 0.021.70 ± 0.021.79 ± 0.032.00 ± 0.02*†‡

Values are the mean ± SEM. Cont: control group ( ); HU: hindlimb unloading for 14 days group ( ); ES: hindlimb unloading plus electrical stimulation group ( ); ES + IM: hindlimb unloading plus the combination of electrical stimulation and isometric contraction group ( ). *, , and are significantly different from the Cont, HU, and ES groups, respectively, at P < 0.05.

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