Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2011, Article ID 487329, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/487329
Research Article

Nutritional Requirements for the Improvement of Growth and Sporulation of Several Strains of Monascus purpureus on Solid State Cultivation

1Department of Marine Biotechnology, Iranian Fisheries Research Organization, No. 297, West Fatemi Avenue, P.O. Box 14155-6116, 1411816616 Tehran, Iran
2Department of Bioprocess Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia
4Biotechnology Research Center, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 12301, 50774 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
5Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia

Received 12 July 2011; Revised 15 September 2011; Accepted 16 September 2011

Academic Editor: J. Birchler

Copyright © 2011 Zahra Ajdari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Juzlova, L. Martinkova, and V. Kren, “Secondary metabolites of the fungus Monascus: a review,” Journal of Industrial Microbiology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 163–170, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. O. Edogrul and S. Azirak, “Review of the studies on the red yeast rice (Monascus purpureus),” Turkish Electronic Journal Of Biotechnology, vol. 2, pp. 37–49, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  3. Y. C. Su, J. J. Wang, T. T. Lin, and T. M. Pan, “Production of the secondary metabolites γ-aminobutyric acid and monacolin K by Monascus,” Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 41–46, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. C. Carvalho et al., “Biopigments from Monascus: strains selection, citrinin production and color stability,” Brazilian Achives of Biology and Technology, vol. 48, pp. 885–894, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  5. Y. L. Lin, T. H. Wang, M. H. Lee, and N. W. Su, “Biologically active components and nutraceuticals in the Monascus-fermented rice: a review,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 965–973, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. H. Suh and C. S. Shin, “Analysis of the morphologic changes of Monascus sp. J101 cells cocultured with Saccharomyces cerevisiae,” FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 193, no. 1, pp. 143–147, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. Gao, M. H. Sun, X. Z. Liu, and Y. S. Che, “Effects of carbon concentration and carbon to nitrogen ratio on the growth and sporulation of several biocontrol fungi,” Mycological Research, vol. 111, no. 1, pp. 87–92, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. R. Rajderkar, “Certain chemical requirements for growth and sporulation of alternaria species,” Mycopathologia et Mycologia Applicata, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 172–176, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. G. M. Walker and N. A. White, “Introduction to fungal physiology,” in Fungi: Biology and Application, K. Kavanagh, Ed., Wiley, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  10. C. L. Lee, H. K. Hung, J. J. Wang, and T. M. Pan, “Improving the ratio of monacolin K to citrinin production of Monascus purpureas NTU 568 under dioscorea medium through the mediation of pH value and ethanol addition,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 55, no. 16, pp. 6493–6502, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. I. Rani, M. Sohail, S. Akhund, and H. Abro, “Abrus sucrose agar a new medium for the growth of fungi,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1883–1885, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Z. Wu, P. C. K. Cheung, K. H. Wong, and N. L. Huang, “Studies on submerged fermentation of Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) Singer—part 1: physical and chemical factors affecting the rate of mycelial growth and bioconversion efficiency,” Food Chemistry, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 389–393, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Z. Wu, P. C. K. Cheung, K. H. Wong, and N. L. Huang, “Studies on submerged fermentation of Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) Singer. Part 2: effect of carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of the culture medium on the content and composition of the mycelial dietary fibre,” Food Chemistry, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 101–105, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. K. Lee, H. Y. Piao, and W. J. Chung, “Production of red pigments by Monascus purpureus in submerged culture,” Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering, vol. 7, pp. 21–25, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  15. C. S. Shin, H. J. Kim, M. J. Kim, and J. Y. Ju, “Morphological change and enhanced pigment production of Monascus when cocultured with Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Aspergillus oryzae,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 576–581, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. F. Fierro, E. Montenegro, S. Gutièrrez, and J. F. Martín, “Mutants blocked in penicillin biosynthesis show a deletion of the entire penicillin gene cluster at a specific site within a conserved hexanucleotide sequence,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 597–604, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. Y. Y. Tseng, M. T. Chen, and C. F. Lin, “Growth, pigment production and protease activity of Monascus purpureus as affected by salt, sodium nitrite, polyphosphate and various sugars,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 31–37, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. A. Jackson and D. A. Schisler, “The composition and attributes of Colletotrichum truncatum spores are altered by the nutritional environment,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 58, no. 7, pp. 2260–2265, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. A. Jackson and P. J. Slininger, “Submerged culture conidial germination and conidiation of the bioherbicide Colletotrichum truncatum are influenced by the amino acid composition of the medium,” Journal of Industrial Microbiology, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 417–422, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. P. Latge and J. J. Sanglier, “Optimisation de la croissance et de la sporulation de Conidiobolus obscurus en milieu defini,” Canadian Journal of Botany, vol. 63, pp. 68–85, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  21. I. Krasniewski, P. Molimard, G. Feron et al., “Impact of solid medium composition on the conidiation in Penicillium camemberti,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 1318–1324, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. I. Skromne, O. Sanchez, and J. Aguirre, “Starvation stress modulates the expression of the Aspergillus nidulans brlA regulatory gene,” Microbiology, vol. 141, no. 1, pp. 21–28, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. M. Calvo, R. A. Wilson, J. W. Bok, and N. P. Keller, “Relationship between secondary metabolism and fungal development,” Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 447–459, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Carels and D. Shepherd, “The effect of different nitrogen sources on pigment production and sporulation of Monascus species in submerged, shaken culture,” Canadian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1360–1372, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. T. F. Lin and A. L. Demain, “Effect of nutrition of Monascus sp. on formation of red pigments,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 70–75, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. T. F. Lin and A. L. Demain, “Resting cell studies on formation of water-soluble red pigments by Monascus sp,” Journal of Indian Microbiology, vol. 162, pp. 114–119, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  27. T. H. Adams, J. K. Wieser, and J. H. Yu, “Asexual sporulation in Aspergillus nidulans,” Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 35–54, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus