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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 156459, 5 pages
Review Article

Cyclic Catamenial Dermatoses

1Department of Dermatopathology, Unilab Lg, University Hospital of Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium
2Department of Dermatology, Diagnostic Centre, 4800 Verviers, Belgium
3Department of Dermatology, Regional Hospital Citadelle, 4000 Liège, Belgium
4Laboratory of Skin Bioengineering and Imaging, Department of Clinical Sciences, B23, University of Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium

Received 2 August 2013; Accepted 23 September 2013

Academic Editor: Philippe Delvenne

Copyright © 2013 Trinh Hermanns-Lê et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Circulating sex hormones follow major fluctuations during the ovarian cycle. The so-called premenstrual syndrome represents a global condition grouping the diversity of catamenial disorders. At the skin level, the sebaceous gland activity is obviously modulated by these endocrine fluctuations. In addition, a series of pathological manifestations take place simultaneously in some women. Among them, the most frequent skin condition is represented by catamenial acne. Concurrently, the autoimmune progesterone dermatitis refers to a diversity of skin alterations resulting from an immune reaction to progesterone. It is present under variable clinical aspects. A series of other recurrent skin conditions are not specifically induced but are merely exacerbated at the end of the ovarian cycle.