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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 230134, 4 pages
Review Article

Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Dementia: Consent, Quality of Life, and Dignity

Department of Psychiatry, Geriatric Psychiatry Program, University of British Columbia, c/o Mount Saint Joseph Hospital, Ward 1 South, 3080 Prince Edward Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5T 3N4

Received 2 April 2013; Revised 29 May 2013; Accepted 13 June 2013

Academic Editor: Patrick Kehoe

Copyright © 2013 Michael J. Passmore. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Degenerative forms of dementia are progressive, incurable, fatal, and likely to cause suffering in conjunction with personal incapacity. Timely diagnostic disclosure and counseling can facilitate important advance care planning. The risk of harm associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) of dementia often has to be balanced against the risk of harm associated with medication management of NPS. A palliative care framework can help preserve autonomy, quality of life, comfort, and dignity for patients with NPS.