Table 1: Characteristics of the study patients.

Mean ± SDRange

Age (m) (1–132)
Sex (male/female)12/12
Weight (kg) (2.7–28)
Type of surgery
Ventricular septal defect3
Atrial septal defect1
Tetralogy of Fallot6
Dextrotransposition of the great arteries5
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection2
Pulmonic atresia3
Discrete subaortic stenosis2
CPB duration (min) (30–197)
Cross-clamp duration (min) (0–159)
PICU stay (days) (1–46)
Postoperative ventilation (hours) (0–1100)

CPB: cardiopulmonary bypass; PICU: pediatric intensive care unit.