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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 431232, 4 pages
Clinical Study

Role of Rheum Polysaccharide in the Cytokines Produced by Peripheral Blood Monocytes in TLR4 Mediated HLA-B27 Associated AAU

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 8 Baijiazhuang Road Chaoyang District, Beijing 100020, China

Received 25 April 2013; Accepted 5 August 2013

Academic Editor: Kota V. Ramana

Copyright © 2013 Xuhui Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Purpose. To evaluate the effect of a traditional Chinese medicine, Rheum Polysaccharide (RP), on the in vitro production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) by lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-)stimulated human monocytes from HLA-B27 associated acute anterior uveitis patients of convalescence stage. Method. PBMC samples were isolated from 10 HLA-B27 associated acute anterior uveitis, incubated, respectively, and divided into 4 groups as follows: (1) controls, PBS was added in final concentration of 1 mg·L−1, (2) stimulated by LPS, LPS was added in final concentration of 1 mg·L−1, (3) stimulated by LPS + HTA125, 30 minutes before the adding of LPS in final concentration of 1 mg·L−1, the final concentration of 5 mg·L−1 of the HTA125 was added, and (4) stimulated by LPS + RP, 30 minutes before the adding of LPS in final concentration 1 mg·L−1, the final concentration 100 mg·L−1 of the RP was added. Supernatants were used to quantify the amounts of TNF-α and IL-10 released in time course using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Result. After stimulated by lps, the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-10 in culture supernatants of patients are significantly higher than control group at all time points ( ). Blockage of TLR-4 by HTA125 can decrease the production of TNF-α and IL-10 compared with lps group ( , except at 4 h group of IL-10). Concentration of TNF-α and IL-10 also decreases in the LPS + RP group ( ) but not so significantly as in the LPS + HTA125 group. Conclusion. As anti-TLR4 monoclonal antibodies, rheum Polysaccharide can also inhibit the secretion of cytokines produced by monocytes from HLA-B27 positive AAU patients of convalescence stage.