BioMed Research International / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Khat Chewing among Students of Higher Education in Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence, Pattern, and Related Factors

Table 4

Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses for Khat chewing related factors among study participants.

CategoryUnivariateMultivariate#@
OR95% C.I.Sig.OR95% C.I.Sig.

Gender
 Female (Ref.)
 Male17.713.4–23.30.00010.114.88–17.380.000
College type (Ref.)
 Other scientific
 Health-related0.700.57–0.860.0011.330.87–2.030.184
 Arts and humanities1.521.26–1.820.0001.671.13–2.470.011
Academic year
 First
 Second1.611.28–2.020.0001.010.68–1.500.965
 Third1.551.23–1.960.0001.0240.67–1.550.911
 Fourth1.420.98–2.060.0651.440.76–2.740.268
Smoking status
 No (ref.)
 Yes20.6916.96–25.250.00018.2512.95–25.720.000
Friend’s smoking status
 No (ref.)
 Yes7.115.90–8.560.0001.2430.84–1.830.272
Friend’s using Khat status
 No (ref.)
 Yes17.1313.39–21.920.0004.432.78–7.370.000
Father using Khat
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.77(1.51–2.07)0.0001.681.22–2.310.001
Brother using Khat
 No (ref.)
 Yes2.56(2.18–2.99)0.0002.651.93–3.650.000
Feeling Stressed
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.21(1.03–1.42)0.0200.970.64–1.460.87
Feeling depressed
 No (ref.)
 Yes1.07(0.90–1.26)0.4311.380.91–2.080.125

Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test = 3.181, = 0.923; adjusted for other variables in the table.

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