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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 504320, 9 pages
Research Article

Sabiporide Reduces Ischemia-Induced Arrhythmias and Myocardial Infarction and Attenuates ERK Phosphorylation and iNOS Induction in Rats

1CNS Diseases Research, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma KG, D-88397 Biberach, Germany
2Department of Research, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, FL 33140, USA
3WCU Program, Department of BIN Fusion Technology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea

Received 16 September 2012; Revised 1 November 2012; Accepted 1 November 2012

Academic Editor: Joseph Fomusi Ndisang

Copyright © 2013 Henri Doods and Dongmei Wu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of sabiporide, a potent and selective NHE1 inhibitor, on myocardial ischemia-induced arrhythmias and myocardial infarction and the possible pathways related to the cardioprotection afforded by sabiporide treatment. Anesthetized rats were subjected to myocardial ischemia via left main coronary artery occlusion for 30 minutes, followed by 2 hours of reperfusion. Administration of sabiporide (0.01–3.0 mg/kg) prior to coronary artery occlusion dose-dependently reduced ischemia-induced arrhythmias and infarct size with an ED50 value of 0.14 mg/kg. Administration of sabiporide (1.0 mg/kg) prior to reperfusion also reduced infarct size by 38.6%. The reduction in infarct size was accompanied by a decrease in circulating levels of creatine phosphokinase and troponin I. In addition, sabiporide (1.0 mg/kg) given prior to coronary artery occlusion or immediately before reperfusion significantly reduced phosphorylation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) and the expression of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) following myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. This study demonstrates that sabiporide is a potent and effective cardioprotective agent during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion, by reducing serious ventricular arrhythmias and myocardial infarct size. The cardioprotection afforded by sabiporide is attributed in part to inhibition of ERK1/2 phosphorylation and suppression of iNOS expression.