BioMed Research International / 2013 / Article / Fig 7

Review Article

Morphogenetic Mechanisms in the Cyclic Regeneration of Hair Follicles and Deer Antlers from Stem Cells

Figure 7

Tissue close association in cyclic regeneration. (a) and (b) Reproduced with permission from [20, Figure 1B]. HFs in different developmental stages. Note that at the late anagen (a), the DP (dp) of the bulb has the longest distance from the bulge (bg), but at the telogen (b), the DP (dp) is closely attached to the bulge- (bg-) derived hair germ (hg). (c)–(e) AUs in different developmental stages. Note that at the mid wound healing stage (c), a growth centre is formed by proliferating and differentiating distal PP cells and expansion of the centre starts to push the overlying skin away (arrow points the growth direction) from the distal PP region (asterisk); at the late wound healing stage (d), the centre pushes the overlying skin (now is velvet in nature) even further away (arrow points the growth direction) from the distal PP region (asterisk); and at the hard antler (An) phase (e), pedicle skin epidermis (ep) seals the broken end of the dermis and rests on the distal end of PP ((e), Inset).
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