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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 684154, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/684154
Research Article

The Influence of Cigarette Smoking on Gingival Bleeding and Serum Concentrations of Haptoglobin and Alpha 1-Antitrypsin

1Center for the Study of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
2Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
4Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
5Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 19 July 2013; Revised 16 September 2013; Accepted 16 September 2013

Academic Editor: Esperanza Angeles Martinez-Mier

Copyright © 2013 Fouad H. Al-Bayaty et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Fouad H. Al-Bayaty, NorAdinar Baharuddin, Mahmood A. Abdulla, Hapipah Mohd Ali, Magaji B. Arkilla, and Mustafa F. ALBayaty, “The Influence of Cigarette Smoking on Gingival Bleeding and Serum Concentrations of Haptoglobin and Alpha 1-Antitrypsin,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2013, Article ID 684154, 6 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/684154.