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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 723412, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/723412
Review Article

Fermentative Succinate Production: An Emerging Technology to Replace the Traditional Petrochemical Processes

CAS Key Laboratory of Bio-Based Materials, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China

Received 3 August 2013; Revised 13 October 2013; Accepted 1 November 2013

Academic Editor: Phillip E. Klebba

Copyright © 2013 Yujin Cao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Succinate is a valuable platform chemical for multiple applications. Confronted with the exhaustion of fossil energy resources, fermentative succinate production from renewable biomass to replace the traditional petrochemical process is receiving an increasing amount of attention. During the past few years, the succinate-producing process using microbial fermentation has been made commercially available by the joint efforts of researchers in different fields. In this review, recent attempts and experiences devoted to reduce the production cost of biobased succinate are summarized, including strain improvement, fermentation engineering, and downstream processing. The key limitations and challenges faced in current microbial production systems are also proposed.