BioMed Research International / 2013 / Article / Fig 1

Research Article

Low pH Environmental Stress Inhibits LPS and LTA-Stimulated Proinflammatory Cytokine Production in Rat Alveolar Macrophages

Figure 1

Effects of low pH stress on LPS-stimulated cytokine production in rat alveolar macrophages (aMØs). Isolated aMØs were stimulated in vitro with either saline (control), LPS alone (1.5 μg/mL for 24 hrs), or LPS in combination with a preceding transient low pH stress injury (pH 1.75 for 1 min, Low pH + LPS). Cytokines produced were assessed by ELISA (CINC-1, MIP-2, MCP-1, and INF- ) or cytotoxicity bioassay (TNF- ). LPS versus control, LPS versus Low pH + LPS.
742184.fig.001a
(a)
742184.fig.001b
(b)
742184.fig.001c
(c)
742184.fig.001d
(d)
742184.fig.001e
(e)

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.