Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013, Article ID 860467, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/860467
Research Article

Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus from an Orthopaedic Hospital in Nigeria

1Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, University of Uyo, Nigeria
2Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Received 17 April 2013; Revised 1 August 2013; Accepted 9 September 2013

Academic Editor: Frederick D. Quinn

Copyright © 2013 C. E. Udobi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. Palavecino, “Clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory aspects of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections,” Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 391, pp. 1–19, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. O. Ahmed, A. K. Elramalli, S. G. Amri, A. R. Abuzweda, and Y. M. Abouzeed, “Isolation and screening of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from health care workers in libyan hospitals,” Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 37–42, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. O. D. Fayomi, E. I. O. Oyediran, A. T. Adeyemo, and A. T. Oyekale, “Prevalence and antibiotic resistance pattern of methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus among in-patients at a tertiary health facility in Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria,” International Journal of Laboratory Medicine, vol. 4, no. 2, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  4. H. F. Chambers, “The changing epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus?” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 178–182, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. K. Ako-Nai, O. Taiwo, A. Ebri, and M. O. Adeniran, “Bacterial isolates involved in cases of septicaemia in a Nigerian hospital,” East African Medical Journal, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 407–412, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. E. Emele, M. I. Izomoh, and E. Alufohai, “Microorganisms associated with wound infection in Ekpoma, Nigeria,” West African Journal of Medicine, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 97–100, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. N. Unachukwu, O. K. Obunge, and O. J. Odia, “The bacteriology of diabetic foot ulcers in Port Harcourt, Nigeria,” Nigerian Journal of Medicine, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 173–176, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Coello, J. Jimenez, M. Garcia et al., “Prospective study of infection, colonization and carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an outbreak affecting 990 patients,” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 74–81, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. H. Krumperman, “Multiple antibiotic resistance indexing of Escherichia coli to identify high-risk sources of fecal contamination of foods,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 165–170, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Paul, R. L. Bezbaruah, M. K. Roy, and A. C. Ghosh, “Multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) index and its reversion in Pseudomonas aeruginosa,” Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 169–171, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. C. Ikeh, “Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus at Jos University Teaching Hospital,” African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 52–62, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  12. B. O. K. Nwakwo, S. Abdulhadi, A. Magagi, and G. Ihesiulor, “Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern in Kano, Nigeria,” African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1595–1689, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  13. S. S. Taiwo, B. A. Onile, and A. A. Akanbi, “Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates in Ilorin, Nigeria,” African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 189–197, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  14. A. Shittu, O. Oyedara, F. Abegunrin et al., “Characterization of methicillin susceptible and resistant staphylococci in the cinical setting: a multicentre study in Nigeria,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 12, article 286, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  15. J. M. Andrews, “BSAC standardized disc susceptibility testing method (version 7),” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 256–278, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. J. Weems Jr., “The many faces of Staphylococcus aureus infection: recognizing and managing its life-threatening manifestations,” Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 110, no. 4, pp. 24–36, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Gross-Schulman, D. Dassey, L. Mascola, and C. Anaya, “Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 280, no. 5, pp. 421–422, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus