BioMed Research International / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Responses of Growth Performance and Proinflammatory Cytokines Expression to Fish Oil Supplementation in Lactation Sows’ and/or Weaned Piglets’ Diets

Table 4

Lipid concentration and fatty acid composition of milk of sows fed with and without fish oil1,2.

CTSEMP-value

Lipid, g/100 g milk solid5.695.810.270.767
Fatty acid composition, g/100 g total fatty acid
 C14:03.434.470.200.003
 C16:032.4433.690.680.218
 C18:03.763.910.180.548
SFA339.6342.070.730.035
 C16:1 (n-7)8.4210.770.23<0.001
 C18:1 (n-9)27.9720.730.72<0.001
MUFA336.4031.500.72<0.001
 C18:2 (n-6)13.5610.780.44<0.001
 C20:4 (n-6)0.390.290.030.008
(n-6) PUFA313.9511.070.45<0.001
 C18:3 (n-3)0.560.650.040.104
 C20:5 (n-3)0.042.710.07<0.001
 C22:5 (n-3)0.101.120.04<0.001
 C22:6 (n-3)0.072.530.06<0.001
(n-3) PUFA30.777.000.11<0.001
PUFA314.7118.070.49<0.001

Values are means ± pooled SEM, control , treatment .
Fatty acids are designated by the number of carbon atoms followed by the number of double bonds. The position of the first double bond relative to the methyl (n) end of the molecule is also indicated.
SFA: saturated fatty acids, MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acids; SFA: the sum of C14:0, C16:0, and C18:0; MUFA: the sum of C16:1 (n-7) and C18:1 (n-9); (n-6) PUFA: the sum of C18:2 (n-6) and C20:4 (n-6); (n-3) PUFA: the sum of C18:3 (n-3), C20:5 (n-3), C22:5 (n-3), and C22:6 (n-3); PUFA: the sum of (n-6) PUFA and (n-3) PUFA.

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