927643.fig.004a
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927643.fig.004b
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927643.fig.004c
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927643.fig.004d
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Figure 4: Effects of sodium octanoate on the expression of innate immune elements of bMEC. qPCR analysis that shows the effect on BNBD4 (a), LAP (b), BNBD10 (c), and TNF-α (d) mRNA expression. bMEC were treated with the NaO concentrations (mM) indicated (24 h) and then were challenged with S. aureus during 2 h. Each bar shows the mean of triplicates ± SE of three independent experiments. GAPDH was used as endogenous gene in all conditions. The symbol “*” indicates significant changes ( ) in relation to unchallenged bMEC within each treatment. The letter “a” indicates significant changes ( ) compared to control cells without treatment. The letter “b” indicates significant changes ( ) compared to challenged bMEC.