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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 123640, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/123640
Research Article

Stress Hormone and Reproductive System in Response to Honey Supplementation Combined with Different Jumping Exercise Intensities in Female Rats

1Sport Science Unit, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
2Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Received 7 July 2013; Revised 30 December 2013; Accepted 30 December 2013; Published 9 February 2014

Academic Editor: Stephen E. Alway

Copyright © 2014 Maryam Mosavat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study was performed to determine the effects of 8-week honey supplementation combined with different jumping exercise intensities on serum cortisol, progesterone, estradiol, and reproductive organs. Eighty-four 9-week-old female rats were divided into 7 groups: baseline controls ( ), sedentary group (C), 20 and 80 jumps per day ( , ), honey (H), and combined honey with 20 and 80 jumps per day ( , ) groups. Jumping exercise was performed at 5 days/week and honey was given at a dosage of 1 g/kg body weight/day for 7 days/week. The level of serum cortisol was higher in and compared to C. There was significantly lower value of serum cortisol in compared to . Serum progesterone levels were significantly lower in and compared to C. However, serum progesterone levels were significantly higher in and compared to and . Relative uterine weights were significantly greater in compared to C and , respectively. There was no significant difference in estradiol level and relative ovarian weights among all the groups. Therefore, honey elicited beneficial effects in reducing the increase of cortisol and in increasing the reduce of progesterone levels induced by different intensities jumping exercise in female rats.