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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 176564, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/176564
Clinical Study

Investigation on Carbohydrate Counting Method in Type 1 Diabetic Patients

1Private Sakarya Hospital, Endocrinology Department, Eskisehir, Turkey
2Medical Faculty, Endocrinology Department, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey
3Medical Faculty, Diet Department, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Received 21 May 2014; Revised 16 July 2014; Accepted 19 July 2014; Published 17 August 2014

Academic Editor: Kjersti S. Rønningen

Copyright © 2014 Osman Son et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The results from Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) have propounded the importance of the approach of treatment by medical nutrition when treating diabetes mellitus (DM). During this study, we tried to inquire carbohydrate (Kh) count method’s positive effects on the type 1 DM treatment’s success as well as on the life quality of the patients. Methods. 22 of 37 type 1 DM patients who applied to Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, had been treated by Kh count method and 15 of them are treated by multiple dosage intensive insulin treatment with applying standard diabetic diet as a control group and both of groups were under close follow-up for 6 months. Required approval was taken from the Ethical Committee of Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Medical Faculty, as well as informed consent from the patients. The body weight of patients who are treated by carbohydrate count method and multiple dosage intensive insulin treatment during the study beginning and after 6-month term, body mass index, and body compositions are analyzed. A short life quality and medical research survey applied. At statistical analysis, t-test, chi-squared test, and Mann-Whitney U test were used. Results. There had been no significant change determined at glycemic control indicators between the Kh counting group and the standard diabetic diet and multiple dosage insulin treatment group in our study. Conclusion. As a result, Kh counting method which offers a flexible nutrition plan to diabetic individuals is a functional method.