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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 187320, 6 pages
Research Article

Hip Joint Replacement Using Monofilament Polypropylene Surgical Mesh: An Animal Model

1Department of General Surgery, Franciszek Raszeja Memorial Hospital Poznan, Mickiewicza 2, 60-834 Poznan, Poland
2Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 28 Czerwca 1956 Roku 135/147, 61-545 Poznan, Poland
3Department of General Surgery, Medical Center H.C.P. Poznan, 28 Czerwca 1956 Roku 194, 61-485 Poznan, Poland
4Veterinary Clinic, Kozanowska 40/16, 54-152 Wroclaw, Poland
5Department of Swine and Small Ruminant Breeding, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, University of Agriculture, Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
6Department of Endocrine, General and Vascular Surgery, Copernicus Memorial Hospital in Lodz, Medical University of Lodz, Pabianicka 62, 93-513 Lodz, Poland

Received 19 February 2014; Revised 15 May 2014; Accepted 18 May 2014; Published 29 May 2014

Academic Editor: Panagiotis Korovessis

Copyright © 2014 Jacek Białecki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Hip joint dysplasia is a deformation of the articular elements (pelvic acetabulum, head of the femur, and/or ligament of the head of the femur) leading to laxity of the hip components and dislocation of the femoral head from the pelvic acetabulum. Diagnosis is based on symptoms observed during clinical and radiological examinations. There are two treatment options: conservative and surgical. The classic surgical procedures are juvenile pubic symphysiodesis (JPS), triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO), total hip replacement (THR), and femoral head and neck resection (FHNE). The aim of this experiment was to present an original technique of filling the acetabulum with a polypropylene implant, resting the femoral neck directly on the mesh. The experiment was performed on eight sheep. The clinical value of the new surgical technique was evaluated using clinical, radiological, and histological methods. This technique helps decrease the loss of limb length by supporting the femoral neck on the mesh equivalent to the femoral head. It also reduces joint pain and leads to the formation of stable and mobile pseudarthrosis. The mesh manifested osteoprotective properties and enabled the formation of a stiff-elastic connection within the hip joint. The method is very cost-effective and the technique itself is simple to perform.