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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 236821, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/236821
Research Article

Looking for Celiac Disease in Italian Women with Endometriosis: A Case Control Study

1Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Rome, 00168 Rome, Italy
2Integrated Complex Columbus-Gemelli Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Rome, Via Giuseppe Moscati 31, 00168 Rome, Italy
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Catholic University of Rome, 00168 Rome, Italy
4Institute of General Pathology, Catholic University of Rome, 00168 Rome, Italy

Received 11 January 2014; Accepted 10 March 2014; Published 31 March 2014

Academic Editor: Giulia Montanari

Copyright © 2014 Luca Santoro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the last years, a potential link between endometriosis and celiac disease has been hypothesized since these disorders share some similarities, specifically concerning a potential role of oxidative stress, inflammation, and immunological dysfunctions. We investigated the prevalence of celiac disease among Italian women with endometriosis with respect to general population. Consecutive women with a laparoscopic and histological confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis were enrolled; female nurses of our institution, without a known history of endometriosis, were enrolled as controls. IgA endomysial and tissue transglutaminase antibodies measurement and serum total IgA dosage were performed in both groups. An upper digestive endoscopy with an intestinal biopsy was performed in case of antibodies positivity. Presence of infertility, miscarriage, coexistence of other autoimmune diseases, and family history of autoimmune diseases was also investigated in all subjects. Celiac disease was diagnosed in 5 of 223 women with endometriosis and in 2 of 246 controls (2.2% versus 0.8%; ). Patients with endometriosis showed a largely higher rate of infertility compared to control group (27.4% versus 2.4%; ). Our results confirm that also in Italian population an increased prevalence of celiac disease among patients with endometriosis is found, although this trend does not reach the statistical significance.