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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 247218, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/247218
Review Article

Methodological Issues and Evidence of Malfeasance in Research Purporting to Show Thimerosal in Vaccines Is Safe

1Simpson University, 2211 College View Drive, Redding, CA 96001, USA
2Institute of Chronic Illness, Inc., 14 Redgate Court, Silver Spring, MD 20905, USA
3University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75235, USA
4University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
5CoMeD, Inc., Silver Spring, MD, USA

Received 15 February 2014; Accepted 12 May 2014; Published 4 June 2014

Academic Editor: Jyutika Mehta

Copyright © 2014 Brian Hooker et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [18 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • David A. Geier, Brian S. Hooker, Mark R. Geier, Janet K. Kern, Paul G. King, and Lisa K. Sykes, “A dose-response relationship between organic mercury exposure from thimerosal-containing vaccines and neurodevelopmental disorders,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 9156–9170, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David A. Geier, Janet K. Kern, Paul G. King, Lisa K. Sykes, and Mark R. Geier, “A Case-Control Study Evaluating the Relationship Between Thimerosal-Containing Haemophilus influenzae Type b Vaccine Administration and the Risk for a Pervasive Developmental Disorder Diagnosis in the United States,” Biological Trace Element Research, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David A. Geier, Janet K. Kern, Brian S. Hooker, Paul G. King, Lisa K. Sykes, and Mark R. Geier, “A longitudinal cohort study of the relationship between Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccination and specific delays in development in the United States: Assessment of attributable risk and lifetime care costs,” Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Sala Horowitz, “Trends, Theories, and Treatments for Autism,” Alternative and Complementary Therapies, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 77–83, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David A. Geier, Paul G. King, Brian S. Hooker, José G. Dórea, Janet K. Kern, Lisa K. Sykes, and Mark R. Geier, “Thimerosal: Clinical, Epidemiologic and Biochemical Studies,” Clinica Chimica Acta, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Iman Al-Saleh, Mai Abduljabbar, Reem Al-Rouqi, Chafica Eltabache, Tahreer Al-Rajudi, Rola Elkhatib, and Michael Nester, “The extent of mercury (Hg) exposure among Saudi mothers and their respective infants,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 187, no. 11, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • José Dórea, “Exposure to Mercury and Aluminum in Early Life: Developmental Vulnerability as a Modifying Factor in Neurologic and Immunologic Effects,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1295–1313, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Iman Al-Saleh, Rola Elkhatib, Reem Al-Rouqi, Mai Abduljabbar, Chafica Eltabache, Tahreer Al-Rajudi, and Michael Nester, “Alterations in biochemical markers due to mercury (Hg) exposure and its influence on infant's neurodevelopment,” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David A. Geier, Mark R. Geier, and Janet K. Kern, “A two-phase case-control study of autism risk among children born from the late 1990s through the early 2000s in the United States,” Medical Science Monitor, vol. 22, pp. 5190–5196, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Mario Suwalsky, Pablo Zambrano, María José Gallardo, Fernando Villena, Malgorzata Jemiola-Rzeminska, and Kazimierz Strzalka, “Effects of Thimerosal on Lipid Bilayers and Human Erythrocytes: An In Vitro Study,” The Journal of Membrane Biology, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • G. Morris, B. K. Puri, R. E. Frye, and M. Maes, “The Putative Role of Environmental Mercury in the Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology of Autism Spectrum Disorders and Subtypes,” Molecular Neurobiology, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David A. Geier, Janet K. Kern, and Mark R. Geier, “Increased risk for an atypical autism diagnosis following Thimerosal-containing vaccine exposure in the United States: A prospective longitudinal case-control study in the Vaccine Safety Datalink,” Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, vol. 42, pp. 18–24, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Huamei Li, Hui Li, Yun Li, Yujie Liu, and Zhengyan Zhao, “Blood Mercury, Arsenic, Cadmium, and Lead in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder,” Biological Trace Element Research, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David A. Geier, Janet K. Kern, Kristin G. Homme, and Mark R. Geier, “Abnormal Brain Connectivity Spectrum Disorders Following Thimerosal Administration,” Dose-Response, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 155932581769084, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Keith Schofield, “The Metal Neurotoxins: An Important Role in Current Human Neural Epidemics?,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1511, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • José G. Dórea, “Low-dose Thimerosal in pediatric vaccines: Adverse effects in perspective,” Environmental Research, vol. 152, pp. 280–293, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David A. Geier, Janet K. Kern, Kristin G. Homme, and Mark R. Geier, “A cross-sectional study of the relationship between infant Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine exposure and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder,” Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, vol. 46, pp. 1–9, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David Geier, Janet Kern, Kristin Homme, and Mark Geier, “A Cross-Sectional Study of the Association between Infant Hepatitis B Vaccine Exposure in Boys and the Risk of Adverse Effects as Measured by Receipt of Special Education Services,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 123, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar