BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Knowledge about Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking and Quitting among Italian University Students: The Importance of Teaching Nicotine Dependence and Treatment in the Medical Curriculum

Table 2

Mean scores for two sets of 14 grouped items in 1191 university students.

School valuea
MedicalArchitectureLaw

Year of observation20102011201120112012201220122012
Group12 3A3B4A4B56
Year of school4455 (retest)66 (retest)44
Total sample ( )439203 113 104 207 126122 107

Knowledge of smoking epidemiology, risks associated with smoking, and benefits of cessations: Score 1
3931801039718912010995
Mean (SD)49.3 (10.8)47.9 (12.8)50.5 (11.6)55.0 (12.7)51.0 (11.1)51.6 (11.6)40.8 (11.7)40.2 (10.9)<.001
Range (0–100) 17–8717–8723–7027–8723–8020–8317–7720–67

Knowledge of clinical guidelines on tobacco dependence treatment and effectiveness of method: Score 2
3911821039819111810592
Mean (SD)47.8 (10.4)48.8 (11.5)49.7 (11.0)55.4 (13.7)48.4 (11.5)51.0 (12.3)42.1 (10.5)43.2 (10.8)<.001
Range (0–100)7–8717–8730–7723–8717–7720–8020–6713–70

: number of subjects observed.
aAnalysis of variance.