Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 327270, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/327270
Research Article

Functional MRI Study of Working Memory Impairment in Patients with Symptomatic Carotid Artery Disease

1Department of Radiology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, China
2Beijing Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Brain Informatics, Beijing 100053, China
3Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, China
4State Key Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Received 29 November 2013; Accepted 14 January 2014; Published 20 February 2014

Academic Editor: Lijun Bai

Copyright © 2014 Shasha Zheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. M. B. Breteler, “Vascular risk factors for Alzheimer's disease: an epidemiologic perspective,” Neurobiology of Aging, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 153–160, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Hénon, I. Durieu, D. Guerouaou, F. Lebert, F. Pasquier, and D. Leys, “Poststroke dementia: incidence and relationship to prestroke cognitive decline,” Neurology, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 1216–1222, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. Rao, “The role of carotid stenosis in vascular cognitive impairment,” European Neurology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 63–69, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. C. Bakker, C. J. M. Klijn, A. Jennekens-Schinkel, and L. J. Kappelle, “Cognitive disorders in patients with occlusive disease of the carotid artery: a systematic review of the literature,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 247, no. 9, pp. 669–676, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. C. Bakker, C. J. M. Klijn, A. Jennekens-Schinkel, I. van der Tweel, C. A. F. Tulleken, and L. J. Kappelle, “Cognitive impairment in patients with carotid artery occlusion and ipsilateral transient ischemic attacks,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 250, no. 11, pp. 1340–1347, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. E. Kim, B. R. Lee, J. E. Chun et al., “Cognitive dysfunction in 16 patients with carotid stenosis: detailed neuropsychological findings,” Journal of Clinical Neurology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  7. R. Rao, S. Jackson, and R. Howard, “Neuropsychological impairment in stroke, carotid stenosis, and peripheral vascular disease: a comparison with healthy community residents,” Stroke, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 2167–2173, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Baddeley, “Working memory,” Science, vol. 255, no. 5044, pp. 556–559, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. E. Smith and J. Jonides, “Neuroimaging analyses of human working memory,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 95, no. 20, pp. 12061–12068, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. E. Nystrom, T. S. Braver, F. W. Sabb, M. R. Delgado, D. C. Noll, and J. D. Cohen, “Working memory for letters, shapes, and locations: fMRI evidence against stimulus-based regional organization in human prefrontal cortex,” NeuroImage, vol. 11, no. 5, part 1, pp. 424–446, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. C. Johnston, E. S. O'Meara, T. A. Manolio et al., “Cognitive impairment and decline are associated with carotid artery disease in patients without clinically evident cerebrovascular disease,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 140, no. 4, pp. 237–247, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. E. Philipose, H. Alphs, V. Prabhakaran, and A. E. Hillis, “Testing conclusions from functional imaging of working memory with data from acute stroke,” Behavioural Neurology, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 37–43, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. K. Sztriha, D. Nemeth, T. Sefcsik, and L. Vecsei, “Carotid stenosis and the cognitive function,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 283, no. 1-2, pp. 36–40, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial Collaborators, “Beneficial effect of carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic patients with high-grade carotid stenosis,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 325, no. 7, pp. 445–453, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. H. Bonati, S. T. Engelter, and P. A. Lyrer, “Carotid artery stenting,” Swiss Medical Weekly, vol. 142, Article ID w13619, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  16. S. L. Xu and Z. Y. Wu, “Development of the clinical memory scale,” Acta Psychologica Sinica, vol. 18, pp. 100–108, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  17. S. K. Sutherland, S. E. Purdon, C. H. Lai, L. J. Wang, G. Z. Liu, and J. J. Shan, “Memory enhancement from two weeks’ exposure to North American ginseng extract HT1001 in young and middle aged healthy adults,” The Open Nutraceuticals Journal, vol. 3, pp. 20–24, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  18. R. C. Oldfield, “The assessment and analysis of handedness: the edinburgh inventory,” Neuropsychologia, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 97–113, 1971. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Sakakibara, T. Hattori, T. Uchiyama, and T. Yamanishi, “Urinary function in elderly people with and without leukoaraiosis: relation to cognitive and gait function,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 658–660, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Gong, A. Zheng, D. Chen et al., “Effect of BDNF Val66Met polymorphism on digital working memory and spatial localization in a healthy chinese han population,” Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 250–256, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Y. Shu, Y. M. Wu, X. M. Bao et al., “A new area in the human brain associated with learning and memory: immunohistochemical and functional MRI analysis,” Molecular Psychiatry, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 1018–1022, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Raabe, V. Fischer, D. Bernhardt, and M. W. Greenlee, “Neural correlates of spatial working memory load in a delayed match-to-sample saccade task,” Neuroimage, vol. 71, pp. 84–91, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  23. H. C. Bergmann, M. Rijpkema, G. Fernández, and R. P. C. Kessels, “Distinct neural correlates of associative working memory and long-term memory encoding in the medial temporal lobe,” NeuroImage, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 989–997, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. W. Cox, “AFNI: software for analysis and visualization of functional magnetic resonance neuroimages,” Computers and Biomedical Research, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 162–173, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. Talairach and P. Tournoux, Co-Planar Stereotactic Atlas of the Human Brain-3-Dimensional Proportional System: An Approach to Cerebral Imaging, Thieme Medical Publishers, Stuttgart, Germany, 1988.
  26. F. E. Cooper, M. Grube, K. Von Kriegstein et al., “Distinct critical cerebellar subregions for components of verbal working memory,” Neuropsychologia, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 189–197, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. P. Haley, L. H. Sweet, J. Gunstad et al., “Verbal working memory and atherosclerosis in patients with cardiovascular disease: an fMRI study,” Journal of Neuroimaging, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 227–233, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Kishikawa, M. Kamouchi, Y. Okada, T. Inoue, S. Ibayashi, and M. Iida, “Effects of carotid endarterectomy on cerebral blood flow and neuropsychological test performance in patients with high-grade carotid stenosis,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 213, no. 1-2, pp. 19–24, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. W. Mlekusch, I. Mlekusch, M. Haumer et al., “Improvement of neurocognitive function after protected carotid artery stenting,” Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 114–119, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Silvestrini, I. Paolino, F. Vernieri et al., “Cerebral hemodynamics and cognitive performance in patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis,” Neurology, vol. 72, no. 12, pp. 1062–1068, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. E. B. Mathiesen, K. Waterloo, O. Joakimsen, S. J. Bakke, E. A. Jacobsen, and K. H. Bønaa, “Reduced neuropsychological test performance in asymptomatic carotid stenosis: the Tromsø Study,” Neurology, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 695–701, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus