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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 365261, 9 pages
Research Article

Nitrite Inhalants Use and HIV Infection among Men Who Have Sex with Men in China

1Chaoyang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100021, China
2State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 102206, China
3National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention (NCAIDS), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), Beijing 102206, China
4Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Beijing 102206, China
5Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
6School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4
7Chaoyang Chinese AIDS Volunteer Group, Beijing 100021, China
8Department of International Health, School of Nursing and Health Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA

Received 18 October 2013; Accepted 2 March 2014; Published 27 March 2014

Academic Editor: Muktar Aliyu

Copyright © 2014 Dongliang Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. This is the first study in China to examine the use of nitrite inhalants and its correlates among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Beijing, China. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2012. Structured interviews collected data on demographics, sexual and drug use behaviors, and the use of HIV services. Blood specimens were collected and tested for HIV and syphilis. Results. A total of 400 MSM eligible for the study were between 19 and 63 years of age and overall HIV prevalence was 6.0% (9.0% among nitrite inhalant users and 3.3% among nonusers). Nearly half (47.3%) of them reported ever using nitrite inhalants and 42.3% admitted using nitrite inhalants in the past year. Multivariable logistic analysis revealed that ever using nitrite inhalants in the past was independently associated with being aged years, having higher education attainment, seeking sex via Internet, having casual partners in the past three months, and being HIV positive. Conclusion. The use of nitrite inhalants was alarmingly prevalent among MSM in Beijing. The independent association of the nitrite inhalant use with more casual sex partners and HIV infection underscored the need for intervention and prevention of nitrite inhalant use.