Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 365261, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/365261
Research Article

Nitrite Inhalants Use and HIV Infection among Men Who Have Sex with Men in China

1Chaoyang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100021, China
2State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 102206, China
3National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention (NCAIDS), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), Beijing 102206, China
4Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Beijing 102206, China
5Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
6School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4
7Chaoyang Chinese AIDS Volunteer Group, Beijing 100021, China
8Department of International Health, School of Nursing and Health Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA

Received 18 October 2013; Accepted 2 March 2014; Published 27 March 2014

Academic Editor: Muktar Aliyu

Copyright © 2014 Dongliang Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. China MoH PRC, WHO, UNAIDS: 2012 China AIDS Response Progress Report, 2012.
  2. L. Wang, J. L. Norris, D. M. Li, W. Guo, Z. W. Ding, and N. Wang, “HIV prevalence and influencing factors analysis of sentinel surveillance among men who have sex with men in China, 2003–2011,” Chinese Medical Journal, vol. 125, no. 11, pp. 1857–1861, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  3. Ministry of Health PRC, WHO, UNAIDS: 2011 Estimates for the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in China, 2012.
  4. P. C. Adam, J. B. de Wit, I. Toskin et al., “Estimating levels of HIV testing, HIV prevention coverage, HIV knowledge, and condom use among men who have sex with men (MSM) in low-income and middle-income countries,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 52, supplement 2, pp. S143–S151, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Liu, T. Feng, H. Liu et al., “Egocentric networks of Chinese men who have sex with men: Network components, condom use norms, and safer sex,” AIDS Patient Care and STDS, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 885–893, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Smith, N. Bartlett, and N. Wang, “A harm reduction paradox: comparing China's policies on needle and syringe exchange and methadone maintenance,” International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 327–332, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. W. Plankey, D. G. Ostrow, R. Stall et al., “The relationship between methamphetamine and popper use and risk of HIV seroconversion in the multicenter AIDS cohort study,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 85–92, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. L. Reisner, M. J. Mimiaga, M. Skeer, and K. H. Mayer, “Beyond anal sex: Sexual practices associated with HIV risk reduction among men who have sex with men in Boston, Massachusetts,” AIDS Patient Care and STDS, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 545–550, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. Macdonald, G. Elam, F. Hickson et al., “Factors associated with HIV seroconversion in gay men in England at the start of the 21st century,” Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 8–13, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. E. Woody, D. Donnell, G. R. Seage et al., “Non-injection substance use correlates with risky sex among men having sex with men: Data from HIVNET,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 197–205, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Romanelli, K. M. Smith, and C. Pomeroy, “Use of club drugs by HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative gay and bisexual men,” Top HIV Med, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 25–32, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. W. Carey, R. Mejia, T. Bingham et al., “Drug use, high-risk sex behaviors, and increased risk for recent HIV infection among men who have sex with men in Chicago and Los Angeles,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 1084–1096, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Y. Fan and N. Wang, “Impact of club drugs abuse on AIDS epidemic,” Chinese Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 92–95, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  14. “Research shows “poppers” use in connected with infection among MSM. Little is done to address problem,” AIDS Alert, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 61–63–64, 2004.
  15. F. Romanelli, K. M. Smith, A. C. Thornton, and C. Pomeroy, “Poppers: epidemiology and clinical management of inhaled nitrite abuse,” Pharmacotherapy, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 69–78, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. W. Haverkos, A. N. Kopstein, H. Wilson, and P. Drotman, “Nitrite inhalants: History, epidemiology, and possible links to AIDS,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 102, no. 10, pp. 858–861, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. M. Lampinen, K. Mattheis, K. Chan, and R. S. Hogg, “Nitrite inhalant use among young gay and bisexual men in Vancouver during a period of increasing HIV incidence,” BMC Public Health, vol. 7, article 35, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Stefanidou, I. Lefkidou, C. Lefkidis, C. Spiliopoulou, and C. Maravelias, “Death of a HIV-infected homosexual from nitrite inhalants (poppers),” The West Indian medical journal, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 450–452, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. G. Ostrow, M. W. Plankey, C. Cox et al., “Specific sex drug combinations contribute to the majority of recent HIV seroconversions among MSM in the MACS,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 349–355, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. H. Choi, D. Operario, S. E. Gregorich, W. McFarland, D. MacKellar, and L. Valleroy, “Substance use, substance choice, and unprotected anal intercourse among young Asian American and Pacific Islander men who have sex with men,” AIDS Education and Prevention, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 418–429, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Heiligenberg, P. R. Wermeling, M. S. van Rooijen et al., “Recreational drug use during sex and sexually transmitted infections among clients of a city sexually transmitted infections clinic in Amsterdam, The Netherlands,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 39, no. 7, 518 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. J. Finlayson, B. Le, A. Smith et al., “HIV risk, prevention, and testing behaviors among men who have sex with men - national HIV behavioral surveillance system, 21 U.S. cities, United States, 2008,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 60, no. 14, pp. 1–34, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. J. Semple, S. A. Strathdee, J. Zians, and T. L. Patterson, “Sexual risk behavior associated with co-administration of methamphetamine and other drugs in a sample of HIV-positive men who have sex with men,” The American Journal on Addictions, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 65–72, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. Chao, L. P. Jacobson, D. Tashkin et al., “Recreational drug use and T lymphocyte subpopulations in HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected men,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 94, no. 1–3, pp. 165–171, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. Cox, J. Beauchemin, and R. Allard, “HIV status of sexual partners is more important than antiretroviral treatment related perceptions for risk taking by HIV positive MSM in Montreal, Canada,” Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 80, no. 6, pp. 518–523, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. D. Brewer, M. R. Golden, and H. H. Handsfield, “Unsafe sexual behavior and correlates of risk in a probability sample of men who have sex with men in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 250–255, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. P. Buchbinder, E. Vittinghoff, P. J. Heagerty et al., “Sexual risk, nitrite inhalant use, and lack of circumcision associated with HIV seroconversion in men who have sex with men in the United States,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 82–89, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. A. Chesney, D. C. Barrett, and R. Stall, “Histories of substance use and risk behavior: precursors to HIV seroconversion in homosexual men,” The American Journal of Public Health, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 113–116, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. G. Colfax, T. J. Coates, M. J. Husnik et al., “Longitudinal patterns of methamphetamine, popper (amyl nitrite), and cocaine use and high-risk sexual behavior among a cohort of San Francisco men who have sex with men,” Journal of Urban Health, vol. 82, supplement 1, pp. i62–i70, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. B. A. Koblin, M. A. Chesney, M. J. Husnik et al., “High-risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in 6 US cities: baseline data from the EXPLORE study,” The American Journal of Public Health, vol. 93, no. 6, pp. 926–932, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. C. Wei, T. E. Guadamuz, S. H. Lim, Y. Huang, and S. Koe, “Patterns and levels of illicit drug use among men who have sex with men in Asia,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 120, no. 1–3, pp. 246–249, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Y. Hidaka, S. Ichikawa, J. Koyano et al., “Substance use and sexual behaviours of Japanese men who have sex with men: A nationwide internet survey conducted in Japan,” BMC Public Health, vol. 6, article 239, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. W. R. Lange, C. A. Haertzen, J. E. Hickey, F. R. Snyder, E. M. Dax, and J. H. Jaffe, “Nitrite inhalants: patterns of abuse in Baltimore and Washington, D.C,” The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 29–39, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Y. H. Chen, H. F. Raymond, M. Grasso, B. Nguyen, T. Robertson, and W. McFarland, “Prevalence and predictors of conscious risk behavior among San Franciscan men who have sex with men,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 1338–1343, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. E. G. Benotsch, A. M. Martin, F. M. Espil, C. D. Nettles, D. W. Seal, and S. D. Pinkerton, “Internet use, recreational travel, and HIV risk behaviors in men who have sex with men,” Journal of Community Health, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 398–405, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. E. Weber, K. J. P. Craib, K. Chan et al., “Determinants of HIV serconversion in an era of increasing HIV infection among young gay and bisexual men,” AIDS, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 774–777, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. P. Fisher, R. Ramchand, S. Bana, and M. Y. Iguchi, “Risk behaviors among HIV-positive gay and bisexual men at party-oriented vacations,” Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 158–167, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  38. C. A. Bedoya, M. J. Mimiaga, G. Beauchamp, D. Donnell, K. H. Mayer, and S. A. Safren, “Predictors of HIV transmission risk behavior and seroconversion among Latino men who have sex with men in Project EXPLORE,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 608–617, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. L. N. Drumright, P. M. Gorbach, S. J. Little, and S. A. Strathdee, “Associations between substance use, erectile dysfunction medication and recent HIV infection among men who have sex with men,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 328–336, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. S. D. Young, W. G. Cumberland, S. J. Lee, D. Jaganath, G. Szekeres, and T. Coates, “Social networking technologies as an emerging tool for HIV prevention: a cluster randomized trial,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 159, no. 5, pp. 318–324, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  41. J. T. Lau, J. Gu, H. Y. Tsui, and Z. Wang, “Prevalence and associated factors of intention to participate in HIV voluntary counseling and testing for the first time among men who have sex with men in Hong Kong, China,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 813–818, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  42. I. Ajzen, From Intentions to Actions: A Theory of Planned Behavior, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1985.
  43. G. Godin and G. Kok, “The theory of planned behavior: a review of its applications to health- related behaviors,” The American Journal of Health Promotion, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 87–98, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. I. Ajzen, “The theory of planned behavior,” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 179–211, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. SCAWCO: 2012 China AIDS Response Progress Report, 2012.
  46. S. Fan, H. Lu, X. Ma et al., “Behavioral and serologic survey of men who have sex with Men in Beijing, China: Implication for HIV intervention,” AIDS Patient Care and STDs, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 148–155, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. Y. Hu, H. Z. Qian, J. Sun et al., “Anal human papillomavirus infection among HIV-infected and uninfected men who have sex with men in Beijing, China,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 103–114, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  48. Y. Hu, H. Lu, H. F. Raymond et al., “Measures of condom and safer sex social norms and stigma towards HIV/AIDS among Beijing MSM,” AIDS and Behavior, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar