Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 391542, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/391542
Research Article

Enhancement of Biodiesel Production from Marine Alga, Scenedesmus sp. through In Situ Transesterification Process Associated with Acidic Catalyst

1Department of Bioengineering and Technology, College of Engineering, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 200-701, Republic of Korea
2Department of Medical Biomaterial Engineering, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 200-701, Republic of Korea
3Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology (KIOST), Gyeonggi-do, Ansan-si, P.O. Box 29, Seoul 426-744, Republic of Korea
4Department of Food Science and Engineering, Seowon University, Cheongju, Chungbuk 361-742, Republic of Korea

Received 8 November 2013; Revised 16 December 2013; Accepted 17 December 2013; Published 13 February 2014

Academic Editor: Kannan Pakshirajan

Copyright © 2014 Ga Vin Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Bajpai and V. K. Tyagi, “Biodiesel: source, production, composition, properties and its benefits,” Journal of Oleo Science, vol. 55, no. 10, pp. 487–502, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  2. X. Meng, J. Yang, X. Xu, L. Zhang, Q. Nie, and M. Xian, “Biodiesel production from oleaginous microorganisms,” Renewable Energy, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Chisti, “Biodiesel from microalgae,” Biotechnology Advances, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 294–306, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. Gouveia and A. C. Oliveira, “Microalgae as a raw material for biofuels production,” Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 269–274, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. X. Miao, P. Li, R. Li, and J. Zhong, “In situ biodiesel production from fast-growing and high oil content chlorella pyrenoidosa in rice straw hydrolysate,” Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, vol. 2011, Article ID 141207, 8 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. P. S. Makkar and K. Becker, “Jatropha curcas, a promising crop for the generation of biodiesel and value-added coproducts,” European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, vol. 111, no. 8, pp. 773–787, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Richmond, “Microalgae of economic potential,” in Handbook of Microalgal Mass Culture, pp. 199–243, Taylor & Francis, New York, NY, USA, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  8. A. L. Haag, “Algae bloom again,” Nature, vol. 447, no. 7144, pp. 520–521, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. E. Huntley and D. G. Redalje, “CO2 mitigation and renewable oil from photosynthetic microbes: a new appraisal,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 573–608, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. O. Pulz and W. Gross, “Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 635–648, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Raja, S. Hemaiswarya, N. A. Kumar, S. Sridhar, and R. Rengasamy, “A perspective on the biotechnological potential of microalgae,” Critical Reviews in Microbiology, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 77–88, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. I. Park, H. C. Woo, and J. W. Lee, “Production of bio-energy from microalgae: status and perspectives,” Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 833–844, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  13. T. Matsunaga, M. Matsumoto, Y. Maeda, H. Sugiyama, R. Sato, and T. Tanaka, “Characterization of marine microalga, Scenedesmus sp. strain JPCC GA0024 toward biofuel production,” Biotechnology Letters, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1367–1372, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Y. Kim, S. H. Oh, H. Y. Lee, and S. Y. Lee, “Extraction, purification and property of the lipid from Scenedesmus sp.,” Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering Journal, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 363–370, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  15. N. Y. Kim, S. H. Oh, H. Y. Lee, and S. Y. Lee, “Optimization of lipid extraction from Scenedesmus sp. using taguchi approach,” Korean Society For Biotechnology and Bioengineering Journal, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 371–378, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  16. A. S. Ramadhas, S. Jayaraj, and C. Muraleedharan, “Biodiesel production from high FFA rubber seed oil,” Fuel, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 335–340, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. G. Georgogianni, M. G. Kontominas, P. J. Pomonis, D. Avlonitis, and V. Gergis, “Conventional and in situ transesterification of sunflower seed oil for the production of biodiesel,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 89, no. 5, pp. 503–509, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. I. Carrapiso, L. M. Timón, J. M. Petrón, J. F. Tejeda, and C. García, “In situ transesterification of fatty acids from Iberian pig subcutaneous adipose tissue,” Meat Science, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 159–164, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. F. Sahena, I. S. M. Zaidul, S. Jinap et al., “Application of supercritical CO2 in lipid extraction—a review,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 240–253, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Qian, F. Wang, S. Liu, and Z. Yun, “In situ alkaline transesterification of cottonseed oil for production of biodiesel and nontoxic cottonseed meal,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 18, pp. 9009–9012, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. B. Johnson and Z. Wen, “Production of biodiesel fuel from the microalga schizochytrium limacinum by direct transesterification of algal biomass,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 5179–5183, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M.-Y. Chang, G.-J. Tsai, and J.-Y. Houng, “Optimization of the medium composition for the submerged culture of Ganoderma lucidum by Taguchi array design and steepest ascent method,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 38, no. 3-4, pp. 407–414, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. S. Mahapatra and A. Patnaik, “Optimization of wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) process parameters using Taguchi method,” International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 34, no. 9-10, pp. 911–925, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. V. Mohan, N. C. Rao, K. K. Prasad, P. M. Krishna, R. S. Rao, and P. N. Sarma, “Anaerobic treatment of complex chemical wastewater in a sequencing batch biofilm reactor: process optimization and evaluation of factor interactions using the taguchi dynamic DOE methodology,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 732–745, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. E. A. Ehimen, Z. F. Sun, and C. G. Carrington, “Variables affecting the in situ transesterification of microalgae lipids,” Fuel, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 677–684, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. B. Liu and Z. Zhao, “Biodiesel production by direct methanolysis of oleaginous microbial biomass,” Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 82, no. 8, pp. 775–780, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. T. Quach, R. L. Steeper, and G. W. Griffin, “An improved method for the extraction and thin-layer chromatography of chlorophyll a and b from spinach,” Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 385–387, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. B. A. McKittrick, S. Dugar, and D. ABurnett, “Sulfur-substituted azetidinone compounds useful as hypocholesterolemic agents,” US patent no. 5774467, 1998.
  29. Y. K. Lim, D. K. Kim, and E. S. Yim, “Synthesis of biodiesel from vegetable oil and their characteristics in low temperature,” Journal of the Korean Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 208–212, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. D. Müller, H. Husmann, H. P. Nalik, and G. Schomburg, “Trans-esterification of fatty acids from microorganisms and human blood serum by trimethylsulfonium hydroxide (TMSH) for GC analysis,” Chromatographia, vol. 30, no. 5-6, pp. 245–248, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. U. Schuchardt, R. Sercheli, and R. M. Vargas, “Transesterification of vegetable oils: a review,” Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 199–210, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. M. Encinar, J. F. González, J. J. Rodríguez, and A. Tejedor, “Biodiesel fuels from vegetable oils: transesterification of Cynara cardunculus L. Oils with ethanol,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 443–450, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. U. Rashid and F. Anwar, “Production of biodiesel through optimized alkaline-catalyzed transesterification of rapeseed oil,” Fuel, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 265–273, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. K. Lam, K. T. Lee, and A. R. Mohamed, “Homogeneous, heterogeneous and enzymatic catalysis for transesterification of high free fatty acid oil (waste cooking oil) to biodiesel: a review,” Biotechnology Advances, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 500–518, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Al-Zuhair, “Production of biodiesel: possibilities and challenges,” Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 57–66, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. O. O. Oluwaniyi and S. A. Ibiyemi, “Efficacy of catalysts in the batch esterification of the fatty acids of ThevetiaPeruviana seed oil,” Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 15–17, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  37. X. Fan, Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Crude Cottonseed Oil and Waste Vegetable Oil: Conventional and Ultrasonic Irradiation Methods, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA, 2008.
  38. G. Taguchi, Introduction to Quality Engineering: Designing Quality into Products and Processes, 1986.
  39. L. C. Meher, D. Vidya Sagar, and S. N. Naik, “Technical aspects of biodiesel production by transesterification—a review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 248–268, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. N. Dizge, C. Aydiner, D. Y. Imer, M. Bayramoglu, A. Tanriseven, and B. Keskinler, “Biodiesel production from sunflower, soybean, and waste cooking oils by transesterification using lipase immobilized onto a novel microporous polymer,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, no. 6, pp. 1983–1991, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. R. Xu and Y. Mi, “Simplifying the process of microalgal biodiesel production through in situ transesterification technology,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 91–99, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. B. D. Wahlen, R. M. Willis, and L. C. Seefeldt, “Biodiesel production by simultaneous extraction and conversion of total lipids from microalgae, cyanobacteria, and wild mixed-cultures,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 2724–2730, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. P. Vyas, J. L. Verma, and N. Subrahmanyam, “A review on FAME production processes,” Fuel, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus