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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 418416, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/418416
Research Article

Survey on Knowledge, Attitudes, and Training Needs of Italian Residents on Genetic Tests for Hereditary Breast and Colorectal Cancer

1Section of Hygiene, Department of Public Health, Institute of Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo F. Vito 1, 00168 Rome, Italy
2University Clinical-Hospital Center “Dr. Dragisa Misovic-Dedinje”, Milana Tepica 1, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
3Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
4IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, Via della Pisana 235, 00163 Rome, Italy

Received 27 January 2014; Revised 27 May 2014; Accepted 2 June 2014; Published 23 June 2014

Academic Editor: Paolo Boffetta

Copyright © 2014 Nikola Panic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. The aim of the study was to assess knowledge and attitudes of medical residents working in Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy, on genetic tests for breast and colorectal cancer. Methods. We distributed self-administered questionnaire to the residents. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the determinants of knowledge and attitudes towards the tests. Results. Of 754 residents, 364 filled in questionnaire. Around 70% and 20% answered correctly >80% of questions on breast and colorectal cancer tests, respectively. Knowledge on tests for breast cancer was higher among residents who attended course on cancer genetic testing during graduate training (odds ratio (OR): 1.72; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05–2.82) and inversely associated with male gender (OR: 0.55; 95% CI: 0.35–0.87). As for colorectal cancer, residents were more knowledgeable if they attended courses on cancer genetic testing (OR: 2.08; 95% CI: 1.07–4.03) or postgraduate training courses in epidemiology and evidence-based medicine (OR: 1.95; 95% CI: 1.03–3.69). More than 70% asked for the additional training on the genetic tests for cancer during the specialization school. Conclusion. The knowledge of Italian residents on genetic tests for colorectal cancer appears to be insufficient. There is a need for additional training in this field.