Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 436206, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/436206
Research Article

The Kampo Medicine Rokumigan Possesses Antibiofilm, Anti-Inflammatory, and Wound Healing Properties

1Oral Ecology Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, Laval University, 2420 Rue de la Terrasse, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1V 0A6
2Department of Periodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China
3Department of Oral Health Science and Social Welfare, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 18-15 Kuramotocho 3-Chome, Tokushima 770-8504, Japan
4Department of Hygiene and Oral Health Science, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 18-15 Kuramotocho 3-Chome, Tokushima 770-8504, Japan

Received 27 February 2014; Accepted 9 April 2014; Published 30 April 2014

Academic Editor: Toshihide Kurihara

Copyright © 2014 James Liao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Burt, “Position paper: epidemiology of periodontal diseases,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 76, pp. 1406–1419, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Otomo-Corgel, J. J. Pucher, M. P. Rethman, and M. A. Reynolds, “State of the science: chronic periodontitis and systemic health,” Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice, vol. 12, pp. 20–28, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  3. G. Pizzo, R. Guiglia, L. L. Russo, and G. Campisi, “Dentistry and internal medicine: from the focal infection theory to the periodontal medicine concept,” European Journal of Internal Medicine, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 496–502, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. B. Berezow and R. P. Darveau, “Microbial shift and periodontitis,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 36–47, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y.-C. G. Liu, U. H. Lerner, and Y.-T. A. Teng, “Cytokine responses against periodontal infection: protective and destructive roles,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 163–206, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Sapna, S. Gokul, and K. Bagri-Manjrekar, “Matrix metalloproteinases and periodontal diseases,” Oral Disease, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. L. A. Ximénez-Fyvie, A. D. Haffajee, and S. S. Socransky, “Comparison of the microbiota of supra- and subgingival plaque in health and periodontitis,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 648–657, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. E. Kolenbrander, R. N. Andersen, and L. V. H. Moore, “Coaggregation of Fusobacterium nucleatum, Selenomonas flueggei, Selenomonas infelix, Selenomonas noxia, and Selenomonas sputigena with strains from 11 genera of oral bacteria,” Infection and Immunity, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 3194–3203, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. W. Han, W. Shi, G. T.-J. Huang et al., “Interactions between periodontal bacteria and human oral epithelial cells: Fusobacterium nucleatum adheres to and invades epithelial cells,” Infection and Immunity, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 3140–3146, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. M. Hassell, “Tissues and cells of the periodontium,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 3, pp. 9–38, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Andrian, D. Grenier, and M. Rouabhia, “Porphyromonas gingivalis-epithelial cell interactions in periodontitis,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 392–403, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Takashiba, K. Naruishi, and Y. Murayama, “Perspective of cytokine regulation for periodontal treatment: fibroblast biology,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 103–110, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Yakubo, M. Ito, Y. Ueda et al., “Pattern classification in Kampo medicine,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 535146, 5 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Watanabe, K. Matsuura, P. Gao et al., “Traditional Japanese Kampo medicine: clinical research between modernity and traditional medicine—the state of research and methodological suggestions for the future,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2011, Article ID 513842, 19 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Liao, L. Zhao, M. Yoshioka, D. Hinode, and D. Grenier, “Effects of Japanese traditional herbal medicines (Kampo) on growth and virulence properties of Porphyromonas gingivalis and viability of oral epithelial cells,” Pharmacological Biology, vol. 51, pp. 1538–1544, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. Y. Kusumoto, H. Hirano, K. Saitoh et al., “Human gingival epithelial cells produce chemotactic factors interleukin-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 after stimulation with Porphyromonas gingivalis via Toll-like receptor 2,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 370–379, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. P. Darveau and R. E. W. Hancock, “Procedure for isolation of bacterial lipopolysaccharides from both smooth and rough Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhimurium strains,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 155, no. 2, pp. 831–838, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. K. Lee, N. H. Lee, H. Ha et al., “Analysis of studies on Yukmijihwang-tang for establishment of evidence based medicine,” Korean Journal of Oriental Physiology and Pathology, vol. 23, pp. 15–26, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  19. D. G. Kang, E. J. Sohn, M. K. Moon et al., “Yukmijihwang-tang ameliorates ischemia/reperfusion-induced renal injury in rats,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 104, no. 1-2, pp. 47–53, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. P. Garlet, “Destructive and protective roles of cytokines in periodontitis: a re-appraisal from host defense and tissue destruction viewpoints,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 89, no. 12, pp. 1349–1363, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Ara, Y. Maeda, Y. Fujinami, Y. Imamura, T. Hattori, and P.-L. Wang, “Preventive effects of a Kampo medicine, Shosaikoto, on inflammatory responses in LPS-treated human gingival fibroblasts,” Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1141–1144, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Ara, K.-I. Honjo, Y. Fujinami, T. Hattori, Y. Imamura, and P.-L. Wang, “Preventive effects of a kampo medicine, orento on inflammatory responses in lipopolysaccharide treated human gingival fibroblasts,” Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 611–616, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. R. Irwin and T. T. Myrillas, “The role of IL-6 in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease,” Oral Diseases, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 43–47, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. Takahashi, S. Takashiba, A. Nagai et al., “Assessment of interleukin-6 in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 147–153, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. T. Tamura, N. Udagawa, N. Takahashi et al., “Soluble interleukin-6 receptor triggers osteoclast formation by interleukin 6,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 90, no. 24, pp. 11924–11928, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Ishimi, C. Miyaura, C. H. Jin et al., “IL-6 is produced by osteoblasts and induces bone resorption,” Journal of Immunology, vol. 145, no. 10, pp. 3297–3303, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K.-S. Shim, C. J. Ma, D.-S. Kim, and J. Y. Ma, “Yukmijihwang-tang inhibits receptor activator for nuclear factor-κB ligand-induced osteoclast differentiation,” Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1439–1447, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. U. M. E. Wikesjö and K. A. Selvig, “Periodontal wound healing and regeneration,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 21–39, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus