BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

Differential Expression of Osteo-Modulatory Molecules in Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells in Response to Modified Titanium Surfaces

Figure 3

Effect of titanium surface structure on Wnt, integrins, Shh, and Notch signaling molecules. Cells were cultured on each substrate and the mRNA levels of (s) Wnt3a, (b) -catenin, (c) Wnt5a, (d) calmodulin, (e) NFATc1, (f) integrin 2, (g) integrin 1, (h) Shh, (i) Gli1, (j) Notch, and (k) Hes-1 were analyzed using real-time RT-PCR after 4 days of culture. The values reported are the means standard deviations of five independent experiments. versus control (tissue culture polystyrene); versus pretreatment substrate; versus sand-blasted, large-grit acid-etched substrate.
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