BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Review Article

Nonpharmacological Strategies to Prevent Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury

Table 3

Type of contrast media.

Type IonicityGeneric nameIodine content
(mg/mL)
OsmolalityViscosity at 20–25°C  
(mPa·S)
Viscosity at 37°C
(mPa·S)

HOCMIonic monomerDiatrizoate300–3701500–20003.3–16.41.4–19.5
HOCMIonic monomerMetrizoate280–37021005–92.8–5
HOCMIonic monomerIothalamate141–480600–24002–91.5–5.0
LOCMIonic dimerIoxaglate280–32060012–15.76–7.5
LOCMNonionic monomerIohexol140–350322–8442.3–20.41.5–10.4
LOCMNonionic monomerIopamidol150–370300–8322.3–20.91.5–9.5
LOCMNonionic monomerIopromide150–400340–8802.3–221.2–12.3
LOCMNonionic monomerIopentol150–350310–8102.7–26.61.7–12.0
LOCMNonionic monomerIomeprol150–400301–7301.9–27.51.4–12.6
IOCMNonionic dimerIodixanol270–32029012.7–26.66.3–11.8
IOCMNonionic dimerIotrolan240–300270–3206.8–16.43.9–8.1

HOCM: high osmolar contrast media, LOCM: low-osmolar contrast media, and IOCM: isoosmolar contrast media.