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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 464781, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/464781
Research Article

Oncological and Functional Outcome after Surgical Treatment of Early Glottic Carcinoma without Anterior Commissure Involvement

1Medical Faculty Belgrade, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
2Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Pasterova 2, Belgrade, Serbia
3Clinic for Medical Rehabilitation, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
4Institute for Occupational Health of Serbia “Dr Dragomir Karajovic,” Belgrade, Serbia
5Institute for Nuclear Medicine, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
6Center for Radiology and Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia

Received 5 February 2014; Revised 5 May 2014; Accepted 9 May 2014; Published 2 June 2014

Academic Editor: Jan Plzak

Copyright © 2014 Jovica Milovanovic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Glottic carcinoma can be successfully diagnosed in its early stages and treated with high percentage of success. Organ preservation and optimal functional outcomes could be achieved with wide array of surgical techniques for early glottic cancer, including endoscopic approaches or open laryngeal preserving procedures, making surgery the preferred method of treatment of early glottic carcinoma in the last few years. Material and Methods. Prospective study was done on 59 patients treated for Tis and T1a glottic carcinoma over a one-year time period in a tertiary medical center. Patients were treated with endoscopic laser cordectomy (types II–IV cordectomies according to European Laryngological Society classification of endoscopic cordectomies) and open cordectomy through laryngofissure. Follow-up period was 60 months. Clinical and oncological results were followed postoperatively. Voice quality after the treatment was assessed using multidimensional voice analysis 12 months after the treatment. Results. There were no significant differences between oncological and functional results among two groups of patients, though complications were more frequent in patients treated with open cordectomy. Conclusion. Endoscopic laser surgery should be the first treatment of choice in treatment of early glottic carcinomas, though open approach through laryngofissure should be available for selected cases where anatomical factors present limiting adequate tumor removal.