Table 1: Possible symptoms of bruxism according to medical disciplines [1823].

Branch of medicineSymptoms observed

DentistryClenching or grinding of the teeth while asleep (often noticed by sleeping partner); hypersensitivity of teeth to hot, cold, sweet, and so forth; attrition; fractures of teeth; negative consequences in periodontium/gingival recessions; loss of teeth; damages and cracks of fixed and removable dentures (especially dental ceramics); cheek and tongue biting

OtolaryngologyEar sounds (tinnitus), ear aches (referred pain) with possible hearing loss, ear infections, apnea

NeurologyConstant, dull headache; pain in the temples; sleep disorders (insomnia); anxiety, stress, and depression; dizziness; vertigo

OphthalmologyHypersensitivity to light, pain in the eye or around the eye, difficulties in sight focus

Physical TherapySore jaw muscles, facial pain or jaw pain, higher muscle tension, myofascial pain, temporomandibular joint disorders (clicking), trismus, hand and arm tingling

OthersChanges in facial appearance, eating disorders