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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 504760, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/504760
Research Article

Hydrocolloid-Stabilized Magnetite for Efficient Removal of Radioactive Phosphates

Laboratory of Chemical Remediation Processes, Institute for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technology and Innovation (CXI), Technical University of Liberec, Studentská 1402/2, 461 17 Liberec, Czech Republic

Received 6 September 2013; Accepted 2 January 2014; Published 18 February 2014

Academic Editor: Ismail Kiran

Copyright © 2014 Vinod Vellora Thekkae Padil et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Liquid radioactive waste is a common by-product when using radioactive isotopes in research and medicine. Efficient remediation of such liquid waste is crucial for increasing safety during the necessary storage of the material. Herein, we present a novel Gum Karaya stabilized magnetite for the efficient removal of radioactive phosphorus 32P from liquid radioactive waste. This environmentally friendly material is well suited to be used as a nanohydrogel for the removal of liquid waste, which can then be stored in a smaller space and without the risk of the spills inherent to the initial liquid material. The maximum adsorption capacity of the GK/M in this study was found to be 15.68 GBq/g. We present a thorough morphological characterization of the synthesised GK/M, as well as a discussion of the possible phosphorus adsorption mechanisms.