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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 545393, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/545393
Research Article

Trend Analysis of Visceral Leishmaniasis at Addis Zemen Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia

1School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
2Gondar University Leishmaniasis Research and Treatment Centre, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia

Received 2 September 2013; Revised 1 January 2014; Accepted 17 January 2014; Published 25 March 2014

Academic Editor: Gerardo Chowell

Copyright © 2014 Yitayih Wondimeneh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a systemic disease caused by the Leishmania donovani complex. It is one of the fatal diseases if left untreated. In Ethiopia, there are many VL endemic foci. The aim of this study was to determine the trends of VL in the study area. Methodology. A retrospective study was conducted at Addis Zemen health center from September 2005 to August 2011. Data were collected from laboratory registration book and entered and analyzed by using SPSS version 20 software and value of ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. Result. A total of 7161 VL suspected cases were reported in the study area. The overall prevalence of VL was 2801 (39.1%). Of the 2801 VL positive cases, the highest annual prevalence, 988 (46.8%), was reported in 2005 but the trend gradually decreases. Majority of the VL confirmed cases were in the age groups of 5–14 years and males were more affected. Conclusion. The prevalence of VL in the study area was high in early 2005 but, gradually, the trend has been decreased and it becomes one of VL endemic foci in Ethiopia.