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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 569087, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/569087
Review Article

Carum copticum L.: A Herbal Medicine with Various Pharmacological Effects

1Neurogenic Inflammation Research Centre and Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9177948564, Iran
2Faculty of Agriculture, University of Birjand, Birjand 9719113944, Iran

Received 27 February 2014; Revised 25 May 2014; Accepted 27 May 2014; Published 25 June 2014

Academic Editor: Kota V. Ramana

Copyright © 2014 Mohammad Hossein Boskabady et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Carum copticum L. commonly known as “Ajwain” is cultivated in many regions of the world including Iran and India, states of Gujarat and Rajasthan. Traditionally, C. copticum has been used in the past for various therapeutic effects including bloating, fatigue, diarrhea, abdominal tumors, abdominal pain, respiratory distress, and loss of appetite. It has other health benefits such as antifungal, antioxidant, antibacterial, antiparasitic, and hypolipidemic effects. This plant contains different important components such as carbohydrates, glucosides, saponins and phenolic compounds (carvacrol), volatile oils (thymol), terpiene, paracymene and beta-pinene, protein, fat, fiber, and minerals including calcium, phosphorus, iron, and nicotinic acid (niacin). In the previous studies, several pharmacological effects were shown for C. copticum. Therefore, in this paper, the pharmacological effects of the plant were reviewed.