Figure 7: Metabolic network of Escherichia coli. Solid lines and dotted lines indicate intracellular metabolic reactions and product excretion, respectively. The arrows represent directions of the reactions. Simulated metabolic flux and estimated metabolic flux are shown left and right, respectively. All fluxes are given as absolute values (μmol gDCW−1 s−1). Abbreviations are shown in the Abbreviations section.