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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 628019, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/628019
Research Article

Effect of Biometric Characteristics on the Change of Biomechanical Properties of the Human Cornea due to Cataract Surgery

1Department of Ophthalmology, Saarland University Medical Center, Kirrberger Straße 100, 66424 Homburg/Saar, Germany
2Experimental Ophthalmology, Saarland University, Kirrberger Straße 100, 66424 Homburg/Saar, Germany

Received 9 March 2014; Revised 15 May 2014; Accepted 24 May 2014; Published 29 May 2014

Academic Editor: Juan A. Sanchis-Gimeno

Copyright © 2014 Xuefei Song et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To determine the impact of biometric characteristics on changes of biomechanical properties of the human cornea due to standard cataract surgery using biomechanical analysis. Patients and Methods. This prospective consecutive cross-sectional study comprised 54 eyes with cataract in stages I or II that underwent phacoemulsification and IOL implantation. CH, CRF, IOPg, and IOPcc intraocular pressure were measured by biomechanical analysis preoperatively and at 1 month postoperatively. Changes () were calculated as preoperative value versus postoperative value. Biometrical data were extracted from TMS-5 (CSI and SAI), IOLMaster (AL), and EM-3000 (CCT and ECC) preoperatively. Results. The average values of the changes were  mmHg,  mmHg,  mmHg, and  mmHg. The higher the CSI the smaller the decrease in CH (, ). The higher the CCT the larger the decrease in CRF (, ). The higher the AL the smaller the decrease in IOPg (, ). The higher the AL, SAI, and EEC the smaller the decrease in IOPcc (, ; , ; , ). Conclusions. Corneal biomechanical properties were affected by comprehensive factors after cataract surgery, including corneal endothelium properties, biometry, and geometrical characteristics.