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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 675496, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/675496
Research Article

Correlates of Cessation Success among Romanian Adults

1Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Łódź, 90 752 Łódź, Poland
2Department of Public Policy, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA 02125, USA
3Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Łódź, 90 752 Łódź, Poland
4Department of Work Physiology and Ergonomics, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, 91 348 Łódź, Poland

Received 18 February 2014; Revised 23 April 2014; Accepted 18 May 2014; Published 4 June 2014

Academic Editor: Amy K. Ferketich

Copyright © 2014 Dorota Kaleta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Tobacco smoking and its consequences are a serious public health problem in Romania. Evidence-based data on factors associated with successful smoking cessation are crucial to optimize tobacco control. The aim of the study was to determine the sociodemographic and other factors associated with smoking cessation success among adults. Materials and Methods. Data was from a sample of 4,517 individuals derived from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). GATS is a cross-sectional, nationally representative household survey implemented in Romania in 2011. Data was analyzed with logistic regression. Results. Among females, the quit rate was 26.3% compared with 33.1% in males ( ). We found disparities in cessation success among the analyzed groups of respondents. Being economically active, being aged 40 and above, and having an awareness of smoking health consequences were associated with long-term quitting smoking among men, while initiating smoking at a later age increased the odds of quitting smoking among women. However, cohabitation with nonsmokers was the strongest predictor of successful cessation among both genders. Conclusion. Programs increasing quit rates and encourage cessation among groups less likely to quit, adopting voluntary smoke-free homes, and increasing the awareness of smoking and tobacco pollution risks are needed.