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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 692328, 11 pages
Research Article

Morphological Study of the Newly Designed Cementless Femoral Stem

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Centre for Biomedical Engineering Transportation Research Alliance, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
3Department of Orthopaedic, Traumatology & Rehabilitation, Kuliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
4Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

Received 13 November 2013; Revised 11 April 2014; Accepted 13 April 2014; Published 16 June 2014

Academic Editor: Shuo Li

Copyright © 2014 Mohd Yusof Baharuddin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A morphology study was essential to the development of the cementless femoral stem because accurate dimensions for both the periosteal and endosteal canal ensure primary fixation stability for the stem, bone interface, and prevent stress shielding at the calcar region. This paper focused on a three-dimensional femoral model for Asian patients that applied preoperative planning and femoral stem design. We measured various femoral parameters such as the femoral head offset, collodiaphyseal angle, bowing angle, anteversion, and medullary canal diameters from the osteotomy level to 150 mm below the osteotomy level to determine the position of the isthmus. Other indices and ratios for the endosteal canal, metaphyseal, and flares were computed and examined. The results showed that Asian femurs are smaller than Western femurs, except in the metaphyseal region. The canal flare index (CFI) was poorly correlated ( ) to the metaphyseal canal flare index (MCFI), but correlated well ( ) with the corticomedullary index (CMI). The diversity of the femoral size, particularly in the metaphyseal region, allows for proper femoral stem design for Asian patients, improves osseointegration, and prolongs the life of the implant.