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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 728539, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/728539
Review Article

Anatomic Imaging of the Prostate

University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0762, USA

Received 23 May 2014; Accepted 10 July 2014; Published 27 August 2014

Academic Editor: Barıs Turkbey

Copyright © 2014 Anil Bhavsar and Sadhna Verma. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The important role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the anatomic evaluation, detection, and staging of prostate cancer is well established. This paper focuses on the pertinent embryologic, anatomic, and imaging facts regarding both the normal prostate and the several examples of prostate cancers as well as staging implications. The discussion primarily includes findings related to T2-weighted imaging as opposed to the other functional sequences, including diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) or dynamic contrast enhanced MRI and MR spectroscopic imaging, respectively.