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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 735764, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/735764
Research Article

Perceived Difficulty with Physical Tasks, Lifestyle, and Physical Performance in Obese Children

1Department of Movement Science and Wellness, University of Naples Parthenope, 80133 Naples, Italy
2Department of Translational Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy

Received 4 December 2013; Accepted 22 June 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Claudio Maffeis

Copyright © 2014 Giuliana Valerio et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We estimated perceived difficulty with physical tasks, lifestyle, and physical performance in 382 children and adolescents (163 obese, 54 overweight, and 165 normal-weight subjects) and the relationship between perceived physical difficulties and sports participation, sedentary behaviors, or physical performance. Perceived difficulty with physical tasks and lifestyle habits was assessed by interview using a structured questionnaire, while physical performance was assessed through the six-minute walking test (6MWT). Obese children had higher perceived difficulty with several activities of daily living, were less engaged in sports, and had lower physical performance than normal-weight or overweight children; on the contrary, they did not differ with regard to time spent in sedentary behaviors. Perceived difficulty in running and hopping negatively predicted sports participation ( and <0.01, resp.), while perceived difficulty in almost all physical activities negatively predicted the 6MWT, independently of BMI ( ). Our results indicate that perception of task’s difficulty level may reflect an actual difficulty in obese children. These findings may have practical implications for approaching physical activity in obese children. Exploring both the perception of a task’s difficulty level and physical performance may be useful to design exercise programs that allow safe and successful participation.