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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 747584, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/747584
Review Article

The Role of the Extracellular Matrix Components in Cutaneous Wound Healing

1Department of Community Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Kasztanowa 3, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
2Department of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Jednosci 8, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland

Received 11 December 2013; Revised 13 February 2014; Accepted 17 February 2014; Published 17 March 2014

Academic Editor: Tomasz Urbanek

Copyright © 2014 Pawel Olczyk et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Wound healing is the physiologic response to tissue trauma proceeding as a complex pathway of biochemical reactions and cellular events, secreted growth factors, and cytokines. Extracellular matrix constituents are essential components of the wound repair phenomenon. Firstly, they create a provisional matrix, providing a structural integrity of matrix during each stage of healing process. Secondly, matrix molecules regulate cellular functions, mediate the cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, and serve as a reservoir and modulator of cytokines and growth factors’ action. Currently known mechanisms, by which extracellular matrix components modulate each stage of the process of soft tissue remodeling after injury, have been discussed.