Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 808369, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/808369
Research Article

Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene in Total Hip and Knee Replacement: Spatial Distribution of Molecular Orientation and Shape Recovery Behavior

1Department of Bone and Joint Biomaterial Research, Tokyo Medical University, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan
2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan
3Ceramic Physics Laboratory, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Sakyo-ku, Matsugasaki, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan

Received 27 May 2014; Accepted 11 July 2014; Published 27 August 2014

Academic Editor: Hiroshi Ito

Copyright © 2014 Yasuhito Takahashi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. M. Kurtz, F. J. Medel, D. W. MacDonald, J. Parvizi, M. J. Kraay, and C. M. Rimnac, “Reasons for revision of first-generation highly cross-linked polyethylenes,” Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 67–74, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. D. Ulrich, T. M. Seyler, D. Bennett et al., “Total hip arthroplasties: what are the reasons for revision?” International Orthopaedics, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 597–604, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. C. Clohisy, G. Calvert, F. Tull, D. McDonald, and W. J. Maloney, “Reasons for revision hip surgery: a retrospective review,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 429, pp. 188–192, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. O. K. Muratoglu, K. Wannomae, S. Christensen, H. E. Rubash, and W. H. Harris, “Ex vivo wear of conventional and cross-linked polyethylene acetabular liners,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 438, pp. 158–164, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. O. K. Muratoglu, C. R. Bragdon, D. O. O'Connor et al., “Unified wear model for highly crosslinked ultra-high molecular weight polyethylenes (UHMWPE),” Biomaterials, vol. 20, no. 16, pp. 1463–1470, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. McKellop, F. W. Shen, B. Lu, P. Campbell, and R. Salovey, “Development of an extremely wear-resistant ultra high molecular weight polyethylene for total hip replacements,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 157–167, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. García-Rey, E. García-Cimbrelo, A. Cruz-Pardos, and J. Ortega-Chamarro, “New polyethylenes in total hip replacement: a prospective, comparative clinical study of two types of liner,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 149–153, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. A. Engh Jr., A. S. Stepniewski, S. D. Ginn, S. E. Beykirch, C. J. Sychterz-Terefenko, and R. H. Hopper Jr., “A randomized prospective evaluation of outcomes after total hip arthroplasty using cross-linked marathon and non-cross-linked Enduron polyethylene liners,” Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 17–25, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. P. Collier, B. H. Currier, F. E. Kennedy et al., “Comparison of cross-linked polyethylene materials for orthopaedic applications,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 414, pp. 289–304, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. A. Atwood, D. W. Van Citters, E. W. Patten, J. Furmanski, M. D. Ries, and L. A. Pruitt, “Tradeoffs amongst fatigue, wear, and oxidation resistance of cross-linked ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene,” Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 1033–1045, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Oral, A. S. Malhi, and O. K. Muratoglu, “Mechanisms of decrease in fatigue crack propagation resistance in irradiated and melted UHMWPE,” Biomaterials, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 917–925, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. A. Pruitt, “Deformation, yielding, fracture and fatigue behavior of conventional and highly cross-linked ultra high molecular weight polyethylene,” Biomaterials, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 905–915, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Bradford, D. Baker, M. D. Ries, and L. A. Pruitt, “Fatigue crack propagation resistance of highly crosslinked polyethylene,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 429, pp. 68–72, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. D. Ries, “Highly cross-linked polyethylene: the debate is over—in opposition,” Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 59–62, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. L. Bartel, V. L. Bicknell, and T. M. Wright, “The effect of conformity, thickness, and material on stresses in ultra-high molecular weight components for total joint replacement,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 68, no. 7, pp. 1041–1051, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. L. Bartel, J. J. Rawlinson, A. H. Burstein, C. S. Ranawat, and W. F. Flynn Jr., “Stresses in polyethylene components of contemporary total knee replacements,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 317, pp. 76–82, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Kasahara, T. Majima, S. Kimura, O. Nishiike, and J. Uchida, “What are the causes of revision total knee arthroplasty in Japan?” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 471, no. 5, pp. 1533–1538, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. M. Kurtz, O. K. Muratoglu, M. Evans, and A. A. Edidin, “Advances in the processing, sterilization, and crosslinking of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene for total joint arthroplasty,” Biomaterials, vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1659–1688, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Wang, A. Essner, V. K. Polineni, C. Stark, and J. H. Dumbleton, “Lubrication and wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene in total joint replacements,” Tribology International, vol. 31, no. 1–3, pp. 17–33, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Wang, D. C. Sun, S.-. Yau et al., “Orientation softening in the deformation and wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene,” Wear, vol. 203-204, pp. 230–241, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. S. Ramamurti, C. R. Bragdon, D. O. O'Connor et al., “Loci of movement of selected points on the femoral head during normal gait: three-dimensional computer simulation,” Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 845–852, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Okita, M. Hasegawa, Y. Takahashi, L. Puppulin, A. Sudo, and G. Pezzotti, “Failure analysis of sandwich-type ceramic-on-ceramic hip joints: a spectroscopic investigation into the role of the polyethylene shell component,” Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol. 31, pp. 55–67, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  23. G. R. Strobl and W. Hagedorn, “Raman spectroscopic method for determining the crystallinity of polyethylene,” Journal of Polymer Science: Polymer Physics Edition, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1181–1193, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. F. Rull, A. C. Prieto, J. M. Casado, F. Sobron, and H. G. M. Edwards, “Estimation of crystallinity in polyethylene by Raman spectroscopy,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 545–550, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Glotin and L. Mandelkern, “A Raman spectroscopic study of the morphological structure of the polyethylenes,” Colloid & Polymer Science, vol. 260, no. 2, pp. 182–192, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. Mutter, W. Stille, and G. Strobl, “Transition regions and surface melting in partially crystalline polyethylene: a Raman spectroscopic study,” Journal of Polymer Science B: Polymer Physics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 99–105, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Maxfield, R. S. Stein, and M. C. Chen, “Polarized Raman studies of crystalline and amorphous orientation in polyethylene,” Journal of Polymer Science: Polymer Physics Edition, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 37–48, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Y. Takahashi, L. Puppulin, W. Zhu, and G. Pezzotti, “Raman tensor analysis of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene and its application to study retrieved hip joint components,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 3583–3594, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. Puppulin, Y. Takahashi, W. Zhu, N. Sugano, and G. Pezzotti, “Polarized Raman analysis of the molecular rearrangement and residual strain on the surface of retrieved polyethylene tibial plates,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1150–1159, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. E. T. Jaynes, “Information theory and statistical mechanics,” Physical Review, vol. 106, pp. 620–630, 1957. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  31. R. Pérez, S. Banda, and Z. Ounaies, “Determination of the orientation distribution function in aligned single wall nanotube polymer nanocomposites by polarized Raman spectroscopy,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 103, no. 7, Article ID 074302, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. van Gurp, “The use of rotation matrices in the mathematical description of molecular orientations in polymers,” Colloid & Polymer Science, vol. 273, no. 7, pp. 607–625, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. W. Meyer and L. A. Pruitt, “The effect of cyclic true strain on the morphology, structure, and relaxation behavior of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene,” Polymer, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 5293–5306, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Z. Bartczak, R. E. Cohen, and A. S. Argon, “Evolution of the crystalline texture of high-density polyethylene during uniaxial compression,” Macromolecules, vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 4692–4704, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. Barron and C. Birkinshaw, “Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene—evidence for a three-phase morphology,” Polymer, vol. 49, no. 13-14, pp. 3111–3115, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Y. Takahashi, K. Yamamoto, T. Shishido et al., “Strain-induced microstructural rearrangement in ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene for hip joints: a comparison between conventional and vitamin E-infused highly-crosslinked liners,” Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol. 31, pp. 31–44, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. W. P. Slichter and E. R. Mandell, “Molecular structure and motion in irradiated polyethylene,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 334–340, 1958. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. O. K. Muratoglu, “Highly crosslinked and melted UHMWPE,” in UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook, Second Edition: Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene in Total Joint Replacement and Medical Devices, S. M. Kurtz, Ed., pp. 197–204, Academic Press, Burlington, Ma, USA, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  39. S. H. Spiegelberg, S. M. Kurtz, and A. Edidin, “Effects of molecular weight distribution on the network properties of radiation- and chemically crosslinked ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene,” in Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting of Society for Biomaterials, p. 215, 2003.
  40. J. Cybo, J. Maszybrocka, A. Barylski, and J. Kansy, “Resistance of UHMWPE to plastic deformation and wear and the possibility of its enhancement through modification by radiation,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 125, no. 6, pp. 4188–4196, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Z. Bartczak, A. S. Argon, and R. E. Cohen, “Deformation mechanisms and plastic resistance in single-crystal-textured high-density polyethylene,” Macromolecules, vol. 25, no. 19, pp. 5036–5053, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. Y. Takahashi, N. Sugano, L. Puppulin, W. Zhu, and G. Pezzotti, “Raman spectroscopic study of remelting and annealing-induced effects on microstructure and compressive deformation behavior of highly crosslinked UHMWPE for total hip arthroplasty,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research B: Applied Biomaterials, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. C. R. Bragdon, D. O. O'Connor, J. D. Lowenstein, M. Jasty, and W. D. Syniuta, “The importance of multidirectional motion on the wear of polyethylene,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, vol. 210, no. 3, pp. 157–165, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. V. D. Good, K. Widding, M. Scott, and S. Jani, “The sensitivity of crosslinked UHMWPE to abrasive wear: hips versus knees, ASTM STP 1445,” in Crosslinked and Thermally Treated Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene for Joint Replacements, S. M. Kurtz, R. Gsell, and J. Martell, Eds., pp. 104–116, ASTM international, West Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 2003. View at Google Scholar