BioMed Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

A Cohort Study on Self-Reported Respiratory Symptoms of Toner-Handling Workers: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Analysis from 2003 to 2008

Table 4

The results of GEE on self-reported respiratory symptom (toner exposure, smoking status, organic compounds, allergic diseases, and age).

Dependent variableIndependent variableCategoryOdds ratio95% confidence interval
Lower Upper

Persistent cough Toner exposureToner-handling group0.95 0.61 1.47
Never-toner-handling group1.00
Smoking statusCurrent smoker2.42*1.55 3.79
Ex-smoker1.09 0.62 1.92
Never smoker1.00
Handling of organic compounds+1.08*0.71 0.71
1.00
Morbidity of asthma+2.46*1.25 4.86
1.00
Morbidity of allergic rhinitis+1.48*1.07 2.05
1.00
Morbidity of allergic dermatitis+1.56 0.93 2.62
1.00
Age1 year1.02 0.99 1.05

Persistent phlegm Toner exposureToner-handling group1.31 0.86 2.01
Never-toner-handling group1.00
Smoking statusCurrent smoker3.08*1.93 4.91
Ex-smoker0.82 0.48 1.41
Never smoker1.00
Handling of organic compounds+1.02 0.75 1.40
1.00
Morbidity of asthma+2.34*1.39 3.95
1.00
Morbidity of allergic rhinitis+1.45*1.04 2.03
1.00
Morbidity of allergic dermatitis+1.20 0.71 2.01
1.00
Age1 year1.05*1.02 1.08

Persistent cough and phlegmToner exposureToner-handling group0.84 0.45 1.56
Never-toner-handling group1.00
Smoking statusCurrent smoker3.31*1.80 6.08
Ex-smoker0.61 0.26 1.43
Never smoker1.00
Handling of organic compounds+0.90 0.52 1.55
1.00
Morbidity of asthma+3.19*1.37 7.45
1.00
Morbidity of allergic rhinitis+1.57 1.00 2.46
1.00
Morbidity of allergic dermatitis+1.45 0.71 2.96
1.00
Age 1 year1.08 1.04 1.13

Wheezing without asthmatic response Toner exposureToner-handling group1.31 0.89 1.92
Never-toner-handling group1.00
Smoking statusCurrent smoker2.73*1.72 4.33
Ex-smoker1.17 0.67 2.07
Never smoker1.00
Handling of organic compounds+1.07 0.72 1.57
1.00
Morbidity of asthma+8.26*5.25 13.01
1.00
Morbidity of allergic rhinitis+1.20 0.81 1.79
1.00
Morbidity of allergic dermatitis+1.90*1.07 3.38
1.00
Age 1 year1.05*1.02 1.08

Breathlessness Toner exposureToner-handling group1.87*1.29 2.71
Never-toner-handling group1.00
Smoking statusCurrent smoker3.16*2.19 4.56
Ex-smoker1.48 0.95 2.29
Never smoker1.00
Handling of organic compounds+1.28 0.95 1.72
1.00
Morbidity of asthma+1.51 0.82 2.80
1.00
Morbidity of allergic rhinitis+1.22 0.92 1.64
1.00
Morbidity of allergic dermatitis+1.44 0.95 2.18
1.00
Age 1 year 1.06*1.04 1.08

In case the independent variables had effects on the results.

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