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BioMed Research International
Volume 2014, Article ID 868062, 19 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/868062
Review Article

A Review on Plants Used for Improvement of Sexual Performance and Virility

1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. Harisingh Gour Central University, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh 470003, India
2Drugs Testing Laboratory Avam Anusandhan Kendra, GE Road, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492010, India
3Institute for Laboratory Medicine Clinical Chemistry, and Pathobiochemistry, Charite Universitätsmedizin, Campus Virchow Klinikum, Augustenburger Platz 1, 12200 Berlin, Germany

Received 28 February 2014; Revised 13 July 2014; Accepted 24 July 2014; Published 18 August 2014

Academic Editor: Kazem M. Azadzoi

Copyright © 2014 Nagendra Singh Chauhan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The use of plant or plant-based products to stimulate sexual desire and to enhance performance and enjoyment is almost as old as the human race itself. The present paper reviews the active, natural principles, and crude extracts of plants, which have been useful in sexual disorders, have potential for improving sexual behaviour and performance, and are helpful in spermatogenesis and reproduction. Review of refereed journals and scientific literature available in electronic databases and traditional literature available in India was extensively performed. The work reviews correlation of the evidence with traditional claims, elucidation, and evaluation of a plausible concept governing the usage of plants as aphrodisiac in total. Phytoconstituents with known structures have been classified in appropriate chemical groups and the active crude extracts have been tabulated. Data on their pharmacological activity, mechanism of action, and toxicity are reported. The present review provides an overview of the herbs and their active molecule with claims for improvement of sexual behaviour. A number of herbal drugs have been validated for their effect on sexual behavior and fertility and can therefore serve as basis for the identification of new chemical leads useful in sexual and erectile dysfunction.